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           xsm [-display display] [-session sessionName] [-verbose]


           xsm  is  a session manager.  A session is a group of applications, each
           of which has a particular state.  xsm allows you  to  create  arbitrary
           sessions  -  for example, you might have a "light" session, a "develop-
           ment" session, or an "xterminal" session.  Each session  can  have  its
           own  set  of applications.  Within a session, you can perform a "check-
           point" to save application state, or a "shutdown"  to  save  state  and
           exit  the  session.  When you log back in to the system, you can load a
           specific session, and you can delete sessions you  no  longer  want  to
           Some  session  managers  simply allow you to manually specify a list of
           applications to be started in a session.  xsm is more powerful  because
           it lets you run applications and have them automatically become part of
           the session.  On a simple level, xsm is useful  because  it  gives  you
           this ability to easily define which applications are in a session.  The
           true power of xsm, however, can be taken advantage  of  when  more  and
           more applications learn to save and restore their state.


           -display display
                   Causes xsm to connect to the specified X display.
           -session sessionName
                   Causes xsm to load the specified session, bypassing the session
                   Turns on debugging information.


       .xsession file
           Using xsm requires a change to your .xsession file:
           The last program executed by your .xsession file should be  xsm.   With
           this  configuration,  when  the  user  chooses to shut down the session
           using xsm, the session will truly be over.
           Since the goal of the session manager is to restart clients  when  log-
           ging  into  a  session,  your  .xsession  file,  in general, should not
           directly start up applications.  Rather,  the  applications  should  be
           started  within  a  session.  When xsm shuts down the session, xsm will
           know to restart these applications.  Note however that there  are  some
           types  of applications that are not "session aware".  xsm allows you to
           manually add these applications to your session (see the section titled
           Client List).
       SM_SAVE_DIR environment variable
           the  user  chooses  a session to start up.  The fail safe option simply
           loads the default applications described above.
           Each line in the startup file should contain  a  command  to  start  an
           application.  A sample startup file might look this:
           <start of file>
           <end of file>


           When xsm starts up, it first checks to see if the user previously saved
           any sessions.  If no saved sessions exist,  xsm  starts  up  a  set  of
           default  applications (as described above in the section titled Default
           Startup Applications).  If at least one session exists, a session  menu
           is  presented.   The [-session sessionName] option forces the specified
           session to be loaded, bypassing the session menu.
       The session menu
           The session menu presents the user with a list of  sessions  to  choose
           from.   The  user  can  change  the currently selected session with the
           mouse, or by using the up and down arrows on the keyboard.   Note  that
           sessions which are locked (i.e. running on a different display) can not
           be loaded or deleted.
           The following operations can be performed from the session menu:
           Load Session          Pressing this  button  will  load  the  currently
                                 selected  session.   Alternatively,  hitting  the
                                 Return key will also load the currently  selected
                                 session,  or  the user can double click a session
                                 from the list.
           Delete Session        This operation will delete the currently selected
                                 session, along with all of the application check-
                                 point files associated with the  session.   After
                                 pressing  this  button, the user will be asked to
                                 press the button a second time in order  to  con-
                                 firm the operation.
           Default/Fail Safe     xsm  will  start up a set of default applications
                                 (as described above in the section titled Default
                                 Startup  Applications).   This is useful when the
                                 user wants to start a fresh session,  or  if  the
                                 session  configuration  files  were corrupted and
                                 the user wants a "fail safe" session.
           Cancel                Pressing this button will cause xsm to exit.   It
                             For  each client, the host machine that the client is
                             running on is presented.  As clients  are  added  and
                             removed  from  the  session,  this list is updated to
                             reflect the changes.  The user is able to control how
                             these clients are restarted (see below).
                             By  pressing the View Properties button, the user can
                             view the  session  management  properties  associated
                             with the currently selected client.
                             By  pressing  the  Clone button, the user can start a
                             copy of the selected application.
                             By pressing the Kill  Client  button,  the  user  can
                             remove a client from the session.
                             By  selecting  a  restart  hint from the Restart Hint
                             menu, the  user  can  control  the  restarting  of  a
                             client.  The following hints are available:
                             -  The  Restart  If  Running  hint indicates that the
                             client should be restarted in the next session if  it
                             is connected to the session manager at the end of the
                             current session.
                             - The Restart Anyway hint indicates that  the  client
                             should  be  restarted  in the next session even if it
                             exits before the current session is terminated.
                             - The Restart Immediately  hint  is  similar  to  the
                             Restart  Anyway  hint, but in addition, the client is
                             meant to run continuously.  If the client exits,  the
                             session manager will try to restart it in the current
                             - The Restart Never hint indicates  that  the  client
                             should not be restarted in the next session.
                             Note  that  all  X  applications  may not be "session
                             aware".  Applications that are not session aware  are
                             ones  that  do  not  support the X Session Management
                             Protocol or they can not be detected by  the  Session
                             Management  Proxy (see the section titled THE PROXY).
                             xsm allows the user to manually add such applications
                             to the session.  The bottom of the Client List window
                             contains a text entry field in which application com-
                             mands can be typed in.  Each command should go on its
                             own line.  This information will be  saved  with  the
                             session  at  checkpoint  or  shutdown time.  When the
                             session is restarted, xsm will restart these applica-
                             tions  in  addition  to  the  regular "session aware"
                             application (along with all command line options).  A
                             window manager participating in  the  session  should
                             guarantee  that  the  applications  will come back up
                             with the same window configurations.
                             If the session being checkpointed was never  assigned
                             a  name,  the user will be required to specify a ses-
                             sion name.   Otherwise,  the  user  can  perform  the
                             checkpoint  using  the current session name, or a new
                             session name can be specified.  If the  session  name
                             specified  already exists, the user will be given the
                             opportunity to specify a different name or  to  over-
                             write the already existing session.  Note that a ses-
                             sion which is locked can not be overwritten.
                             When performing a checkpoint, the user must specify a
                             Save  Type which informs the applications in the ses-
                             sion how much state they should save.
                             The Local type indicates that the application  should
                             save  enough information to restore the state as seen
                             by the user.  It should not affect the state as  seen
                             by  other users.  For example, an editor would create
                             a temporary file containing the contents of its edit-
                             ing buffer, the location of the cursor, etc...
                             The Global type indicates that the application should
                             commit all of its data to permanent, globally  acces-
                             sible  storage.  For example, the editor would simply
                             save the edited file.
                             The Both type indicates that the  application  should
                             do both of these.  For example, the editor would save
                             the edited file, then create a  temporary  file  with
                             information  such  as  the  location  of  the cursor,
                             In addition to the Save Type, the user  must  specify
                             an Interact Style.
                             The  None  type indicates that the application should
                             not interact with the user while saving state.
                             The Errors type indicates that  the  application  may
                             interact  with  the  user  only if an error condition
                             The Any  type  indicates  that  the  application  may
                             interact  with  the  user for any purpose.  Note that
                             xsm will only allow one application to interact  with
                             the user at a time.
                             without performing a checkpoint.


           xsm will respond to a SIGTERM signal by performing a shutdown with  the
           following  options: fast, no interaction, save type local.  This allows
           the user's session to be saved when the system is being  shutdown.   It
           can also be used to perform a remote shutdown of a session.
           xsm  will  respond  to a SIGUSR1 signal by performing a checkpoint with
           the following options: no interaction, save type  local.   This  signal
           can be used to perform a remote checkpoint of a session.


           Since  not  all  applications have been ported to support the X Session
           Management Protocol, a proxy service exists to allow "old"  clients  to
           work  with  the  session  manager.  In order for the proxy to detect an
           application joining a session, one of the following must be true:
           -  The  application  maps   a   top   level   window   containing   the
           WM_CLIENT_LEADER  property.   This  property  provides a pointer to the
           client leader window which contains the WM_CLASS, WM_NAME,  WM_COMMAND,
           and WM_CLIENT_MACHINE properties.
           or ...
           -  The  application  maps a top level window which does not contain the
           WM_CLIENT_LEADER property.  However, this top level window contains the
           WM_CLASS, WM_NAME, WM_COMMAND, and WM_CLIENT_MACHINE properties.
           An  application that support the WM_SAVE_YOURSELF protocol will receive
           a WM_SAVE_YOURSELF client message each time the session manager  issues
           a  checkpoint  or shutdown.  This allows the application to save state.
           If an application does not support the WM_SAVE_YOURSELF protocol,  then
           the  proxy  will  provide  enough information to the session manager to
           restart the application  (using  WM_COMMAND),  but  no  state  will  be


           xsm  requires  a remote execution protocol in order to restart applica-
           tions on remote machines.  Currently, xsm supports the rstart protocol.
           In  order to restart an application on remote machine X, machine X must
           have rstart installed.  In the future, additional remote execution pro-
           tocols may be supported.


           smproxy(1), rstart(1)


           Ralph Mor, X Consortium

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