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         vacation -l
         vacation -x
         vacation [-a alias] [-d] [-f db] [-m msg] [-j] [-z] login


         vacation returns a message to the sender of a message telling them that
         you are currently not reading your mail.  The intended use is in a
         .forward file.  For example, your .forward file might have:
               \eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"
         which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and
         reply to any messages for "eric" or "allman".
         Available options:
         -a alias
                 Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received
                 for the user's login name.
         -d      Print messages to stderr instead of syslog.
         -f db   Uses db as the database file.
         -m msg  Uses msg as the message file.
         -j      Reply to the message even if our address cannot be found in the
                 "To:" or "Cc:" headers.  This option is very dangerous and should
                 be used with extreme care.
         -z      Set the envelope sender of the reply message to "<>".
         -i      Initialize the vacation database files.  It should be used before
                 you modify your .forward file.
         -r      Set the reply interval to interval days.  The default is one
                 week.  An interval of "0" means that a reply is sent to each mes-
                 sage, and an interval of "infinite" (actually, any non-numeric
                 character) will never send more than one reply.  It should be
                 noted that intervals of "0" are quite dangerous, as it allows
                 mailers to get into "I am on vacation" loops.
         -x      Reads a list of addresses from standard input, one per line, and
                 adds them to the vacation database.  Mail coming from these
                 excluded addresses will not get a reply.  Whole domains can be
                 excluded using the syntax "@domain".
         -l      Print the contents of the vacation database files.  For each
                 entry, the address the reply has been sent to and the associated
                 time will be printed to standard output.
         When started without arguments, vacation will guide the user through the
               From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
               Subject: I am on vacation
               Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
               Precedence: bulk
               I am on vacation until July 22.  If you have something urgent,
               please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>.
         Any occurrence of the string $SUBJECT in .vacation.msg will be replaced
         by the subject of the message that triggered the vacation program.
         vacation reads the incoming message from standard input, checking the
         message headers for either the UNIX "From" line or a "Return-Path" header
         to determine the sender.  If both are present the sender from the
         "Return-Path" header is used.  Sendmail(8) includes this "From" line
         Fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect arguments, or with
         non-existent logins, are logged on the standard error output and in the
         system log file, using syslog(3).


         The vacation utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


         ~/.vacation.db   database file
         ~/.vacation.msg  message to send


         aliases(5,) sendmail(8), syslogd(8)


         The vacation command appeared in 4.3BSD.


         vacation was developed by Eric Allman and the University of California,
         Berkeley in 1983.
         This version is maintained by Marco d'Itri <> and contains
         code taken from the three free BSD and some patches applied to a linux

    Linux June 15, 2003 Linux


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