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sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDPLITE);
This is an implementation of the Lightweight User Datagram Protocol
(UDP-Lite), as described in RFC 3828.
UDP-Lite is an extension of UDP (RFC 768) to support variable-length
checksums. This has advantages for some types of multimedia transport
that may be able to make use of slightly damaged datagrams, rather than
having them discarded by lower-layer protocols.
The variable-length checksum coverage is set via a setsockopt(2)
option. If this option is not set, the only difference to UDP is in
using a different IP protocol identifier (IANA number 136).
The UDP-Lite implementation is a full extension of udp(7)--that is, it
shares the same API and API behaviour, and in addition offers two
socket options to control the checksum coverage.
UDP-Litev4 uses the sockaddr_in address format described in ip(7).
UDP-Litev6 uses the sockaddr_in6 address format described in ipv6(7).
To set or get a UDP-Lite socket option, call getsockopt(2) to read or
setsockopt(2) to write the option with the option level argument set to
IPPROTO_UDPLITE. In addition, all IPPROTO_UDP socket options are valid
on a UDP-Lite socket. See udp(7) for more information.
The following two options are specific to UDP-Lite.
This option sets the sender checksum coverage and takes an int
as argument, with a checksum coverage value in the range
A value of 0 means that the entire datagram is always covered.
Values from 1-7 are illegal (RFC 3828, 3.1) and are rounded up
to the minimum coverage of 8.
With regard to IPv6 jumbograms (RFC 2675), the UDP-Litev6 check-
sum coverage is limited to the first 2^16-1 octets, as per
RFC 3828, 3.5. Higher values are therefore silently truncated
to 2^16-1. If in doubt, the current coverage value can always
be queried using getsockopt(2).
This is the receiver-side analogue and uses the same argument
format and value range as UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV. This option is
/proc/net/snmp - basic UDP-Litev4 statistics counters.
/proc/net/snmp6 - basic UDP-Litev6 statistics counters.
UDP-Litev4/v6 first appeared in Linux 2.6.20.
Where glibc support is missing, the following definitions are needed:
#define IPPROTO_UDPLITE 136
#define UDPLITE_SEND_CSCOV 10
#define UDPLITE_RECV_CSCOV 11
ip(7), ipv6(7), socket(7), udp(7)
RFC 3828 for the Lightweight User Datagram Protocol (UDP-Lite).
Documentation/networking/udplite.txt in the Linux kernel source tree
Linux 2008-12-03 UDPLITE(7)