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    Command:

    strverscmp

    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           #define _GNU_SOURCE         /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
           #include <string.h>
    
           int strverscmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           Often  one  has  files  jan1, jan2, ..., jan9, jan10, ...  and it feels
           wrong when ls(1) orders them jan1, jan10, ...,  jan2,  ...,  jan9.   In
           order  to rectify this, GNU introduced the -v option to ls(1), which is
           implemented using versionsort(3), which again uses strverscmp().
    
           Thus, the task of strverscmp() is to compare two strings and  find  the
           "right"  order,  while  strcmp(3)  finds  only the lexicographic order.
           This function does not use the locale category LC_COLLATE, so is  meant
           mostly for situations where the strings are expected to be in ASCII.
    
           What  this  function does is the following.  If both strings are equal,
           return 0.  Otherwise find the position between two bytes with the prop-
           erty  that  before  it  both strings are equal, while directly after it
           there is a difference.  Find the largest consecutive digit strings con-
           taining  (or  starting at, or ending at) this position.  If one or both
           of these is empty, then  return  what  strcmp(3)  would  have  returned
           (numerical  ordering  of  byte  values).  Otherwise, compare both digit
           strings numerically, where digit strings with one or more leading zeros
           are  interpreted  as  if they have a decimal point in front (so that in
           particular digit strings with more  leading  zeros  come  before  digit
           strings  with fewer leading zeros).  Thus, the ordering is 000, 00, 01,
           010, 09, 0, 1, 9, 10.
    
    
    

    RETURN VALUE

           The strverscmp() function returns an integer less than,  equal  to,  or
           greater  than  zero  if  s1 is found, respectively, to be earlier than,
           equal to, or later than s2.
    
    
    

    CONFORMING TO

           This function is a GNU extension.
    
    
    

    SEE ALSO

           rename(1), strcasecmp(3), strcmp(3), strcoll(3)
    
    
    

    GNU 2001-12-19 STRVERSCMP(3)

    
    
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