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    Command:

    sigvec

    
    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

         #include <signal.h>
    
         struct sigvec {
                 void     (*sv_handler)();
                 int      sv_mask;
                 int      sv_flags;
         };
    
         int
         sigvec(int sig, struct sigvec *vec, struct sigvec *ovec);
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

         This interface is made obsolete by sigaction(2).
    
         The system defines a set of signals that may be delivered to a process.
         Signal delivery resembles the occurrence of a hardware interrupt: the
         signal is blocked from further occurrence, the current process context is
         saved, and a new one is built.  A process may specify a handler to which
         a signal is delivered, or specify that a signal is to be blocked or
         ignored.  A process may also specify that a default action is to be taken
         by the system when a signal occurs.  Normally, signal handlers execute on
         the current stack of the process.  This may be changed, on a per-handler
         basis, so that signals are taken on a special signal stack.
    
         All signals have the same priority.  Signal routines execute with the
         signal that caused their invocation blocked, but other signals may yet
         occur.  A global signal mask defines the set of signals currently blocked
         from delivery to a process.  The signal mask for a process is initialized
         from that of its parent (normally 0).  It may be changed with a
         sigblock(2) or sigsetmask(2) call, or when a signal is delivered to the
         process.
    
         When a signal condition arises for a process, the signal is added to a
         set of signals pending for the process.  If the signal is not currently
         blocked by the process then it is delivered to the process.  When a sig-
         nal is delivered, the current state of the process is saved, a new signal
         mask is calculated (as described below), and the signal handler is
         invoked.  The call to the handler is arranged so that if the signal han-
         dling routine returns normally the process will resume execution in the
         context from before the signal's delivery.  If the process wishes to
         resume in a different context, then it must arrange to restore the previ-
         ous context itself.
    
         When a signal is delivered to a process a new signal mask is installed
         for the duration of the process' signal handler (or until a sigblock(2)
         or sigsetmask(2) call is made).  This mask is formed by taking the cur-
         rent signal mask, adding the signal to be delivered, and or'ing in the
         signal mask associated with the handler to be invoked.
    
         The sigvec() function assigns a handler for a specific signal.  If vec is
         SIGABRT         create core image       abort(3) call (formerly SIGIOT)
         SIGEMT          create core image       emulate instruction executed
         SIGFPE          create core image       floating-point exception
         SIGKILL         terminate process       kill program
         SIGBUS          create core image       bus error
         SIGSEGV         create core image       segmentation violation
         SIGSYS          create core image       non-existent system call invoked
         SIGPIPE         terminate process       write on a pipe with no reader
         SIGALRM         terminate process       real-time timer expired
         SIGTERM         terminate process       software termination signal
         SIGURG          discard signal          urgent condition present on
                                                 socket
         SIGSTOP         stop process            stop (cannot be caught or
                                                 ignored)
         SIGTSTP         stop process            stop signal generated from
                                                 keyboard
         SIGCONT         discard signal          continue after stop
         SIGCHLD         discard signal          child status has changed
         SIGTTIN         stop process            background read attempted from
                                                 control terminal
         SIGTTOU         stop process            background write attempted to
                                                 control terminal
         SIGIO           discard signal          I/O is possible on a descriptor
                                                 (see fcntl(2))
         SIGXCPU         terminate process       cpu time limit exceeded (see
                                                 setrlimit(2))
         SIGXFSZ         terminate process       file size limit exceeded (see
                                                 setrlimit(2))
         SIGVTALRM       terminate process       virtual time alarm (see
                                                 setitimer(2))
         SIGPROF         terminate process       profiling timer alarm (see
                                                 setitimer(2))
         SIGWINCH        discard signal          Window size change
         SIGINFO         discard signal          status request from keyboard
         SIGUSR1         terminate process       User defined signal 1
         SIGUSR2         terminate process       User defined signal 2
    
         Once a signal handler is installed, it remains installed until another
         sigvec() call is made, or an execve(2) is performed.  A signal-specific
         default action may be reset by setting sv_handler to SIG_DFL.  The
         defaults are process termination, possibly with core dump; no action;
         stopping the process; or continuing the process.  See the above signal
         list for each signal's default action.  If sv_handler is SIG_IGN current
         and pending instances of the signal are ignored and discarded.
    
         If a signal is caught during the system calls listed below, the call is
         normally restarted.  The call can be forced to terminate prematurely with
         an EINTR error return by setting the SV_INTERRUPT bit in sv_flags.  The
         affected system calls include read(2), write(2), sendto(2), recvfrom(2),
         sendmsg(2) and recvmsg(2) on a communications channel or a slow device
         (such as a terminal, but not a regular file) and during a wait(2) or
         ioctl(2).  However, calls that have already committed are not restarted,
         The SV_INTERRUPT flag is not available in 4.2BSD, hence it should not be
         used if backward compatibility is needed.
    
    
    

    RETURN VALUES

         The sigvec() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the
         value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the
         error.
    
    
    

    EXAMPLES

         On the VAX-11 The handler routine can be declared:
    
               void handler(sig, code, scp)
               int sig, code;
               struct sigcontext *scp;
    
         Here sig is the signal number, into which the hardware faults and traps
         are mapped as defined below.  The code argument is either a constant as
         given below or, for compatibility mode faults, the code provided by the
         hardware (Compatibility mode faults are distinguished from the other
         SIGILL traps by having PSL_CM set in the psl).  The scp argument is a
         pointer to the sigcontext structure (defined in used to restore the con-
         text from before the signal.
    
    
    

    ERRORS

         The sigvec() function will fail and no new signal handler will be
         installed if one of the following occurs:
    
         [EFAULT]           Either vec or ovec points to memory that is not a
                            valid part of the process address space.
    
         [EINVAL]           The sig argument is not a valid signal number.
    
         [EINVAL]           An attempt is made to ignore or supply a handler for
                            SIGKILL or SIGSTOP.
    
    
    

    SEE ALSO

         kill(1), kill(2), ptrace(2), sigaction(2), sigaltstack(2), sigblock(2),
         sigpause(2), sigprocmask(2), sigsetmask(2), sigsuspend(2), setjmp(3),
         siginterrupt(3), signal(3), sigsetops(3), tty(4)
    
    
    

    BUGS

         This manual page is still confusing.
    
    
    

    BSD April 19, 1994 BSD

    
    
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