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    Command:

    sftp

    
              [-o ssh_option] [-P sftp_server_path] [-R num_requests] [-S program]
              [-s subsystem | sftp_server] host
         sftp [user@]host[:file ...]
         sftp [user@]host[:dir[/]]
         sftp -b batchfile [user@]host
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

         sftp is an interactive file transfer program, similar to ftp(1), which
         performs all operations over an encrypted ssh(1) transport.  It may also
         use many features of ssh, such as public key authentication and compres-
         sion.  sftp connects and logs into the specified host, then enters an
         interactive command mode.
    
         The second usage format will retrieve files automatically if a non-inter-
         active authentication method is used; otherwise it will do so after suc-
         cessful interactive authentication.
    
         The third usage format allows sftp to start in a remote directory.
    
         The final usage format allows for automated sessions using the -b option.
         In such cases, it is necessary to configure non-interactive authentica-
         tion to obviate the need to enter a password at connection time (see
         sshd(8) and ssh-keygen(1) for details).  The options are as follows:
    
         -1      Specify the use of protocol version 1.
    
         -B buffer_size
                 Specify the size of the buffer that sftp uses when transferring
                 files.  Larger buffers require fewer round trips at the cost of
                 higher memory consumption.  The default is 32768 bytes.
    
         -b batchfile
                 Batch mode reads a series of commands from an input batchfile
                 instead of stdin.  Since it lacks user interaction it should be
                 used in conjunction with non-interactive authentication.  A
                 batchfile of '-' may be used to indicate standard input.  sftp
                 will abort if any of the following commands fail: get, put,
                 rename, ln, rm, mkdir, chdir, ls, lchdir, chmod, chown, chgrp,
                 lpwd, df, and lmkdir.  Termination on error can be suppressed on
                 a command by command basis by prefixing the command with a '-'
                 character (for example, -rm /tmp/blah*).
    
         -C      Enables compression (via ssh's -C flag).
    
         -F ssh_config
                 Specifies an alternative per-user configuration file for ssh(1).
                 This option is directly passed to ssh(1).
    
         -o ssh_option
                 Can be used to pass options to ssh in the format used in
                 ssh_config(5).  This is useful for specifying options for which
                 there is no separate sftp command-line flag.  For example, to
                       ConnectTimeout
                       ControlMaster
                       ControlPath
                       GlobalKnownHostsFile
                       GSSAPIAuthentication
                       GSSAPIDelegateCredentials
                       HashKnownHosts
                       Host
                       HostbasedAuthentication
                       HostKeyAlgorithms
                       HostKeyAlias
                       HostName
                       IdentityFile
                       IdentitiesOnly
                       KbdInteractiveDevices
                       LogLevel
                       MACs
                       NoHostAuthenticationForLocalhost
                       NumberOfPasswordPrompts
                       PasswordAuthentication
                       PKCS11Provider
                       Port
                       PreferredAuthentications
                       Protocol
                       ProxyCommand
                       PubkeyAuthentication
                       RekeyLimit
                       RhostsRSAAuthentication
                       RSAAuthentication
                       SendEnv
                       ServerAliveInterval
                       ServerAliveCountMax
                       StrictHostKeyChecking
                       TCPKeepAlive
                       UsePrivilegedPort
                       User
                       UserKnownHostsFile
                       VerifyHostKeyDNS
    
         -P sftp_server_path
                 Connect directly to a local sftp server (rather than via ssh(1)).
                 This option may be useful in debugging the client and server.
    
         -R num_requests
                 Specify how many requests may be outstanding at any one time.
                 Increasing this may slightly improve file transfer speed but will
                 increase memory usage.  The default is 64 outstanding requests.
    
         -S program
                 Name of the program to use for the encrypted connection.  The
                 program must understand ssh(1) options.
    
    
         bye     Quit sftp.
    
         cd path
                 Change remote directory to path.
    
         chgrp grp path
                 Change group of file path to grp.  path may contain glob(3) char-
                 acters and may match multiple files.  grp must be a numeric GID.
    
         chmod mode path
                 Change permissions of file path to mode.  path may contain
                 glob(3) characters and may match multiple files.
    
         chown own path
                 Change owner of file path to own.  path may contain glob(3) char-
                 acters and may match multiple files.  own must be a numeric UID.
    
         df [-hi] [path]
                 Display usage information for the filesystem holding the current
                 directory (or path if specified).  If the -h flag is specified,
                 the capacity information will be displayed using "human-readable"
                 suffixes.  The -i flag requests display of inode information in
                 addition to capacity information.  This command is only supported
                 on servers that implement the "statvfs@openssh.com" extension.
    
         exit    Quit sftp.
    
         get [-P] remote-path [local-path]
                 Retrieve the remote-path and store it on the local machine.  If
                 the local path name is not specified, it is given the same name
                 it has on the remote machine.  remote-path may contain glob(3)
                 characters and may match multiple files.  If it does and
                 local-path is specified, then local-path must specify a direc-
                 tory.  If the -P flag is specified, then full file permissions
                 and access times are copied too.
    
         help    Display help text.
    
         lcd path
                 Change local directory to path.
    
         lls [ls-options [path]]
                 Display local directory listing of either path or current direc-
                 tory if path is not specified.  ls-options may contain any flags
                 supported by the local system's ls(1) command.  path may contain
                 glob(3) characters and may match multiple files.
    
         lmkdir path
                 Create local directory specified by path.
    
         ln oldpath newpath
                 -a      List files beginning with a dot ('.').
    
                 -f      Do not sort the listing.  The default sort order is lexi-
                         cographical.
    
                 -l      Display additional details including permissions and own-
                         ership information.
    
                 -n      Produce a long listing with user and group information
                         presented numerically.
    
                 -r      Reverse the sort order of the listing.
    
                 -S      Sort the listing by file size.
    
                 -t      Sort the listing by last modification time.
    
         lumask umask
                 Set local umask to umask.
    
         mkdir path
                 Create remote directory specified by path.
    
         progress
                 Toggle display of progress meter.
    
         put [-P] local-path [remote-path]
                 Upload local-path and store it on the remote machine.  If the
                 remote path name is not specified, it is given the same name it
                 has on the local machine.  local-path may contain glob(3) charac-
                 ters and may match multiple files.  If it does and remote-path is
                 specified, then remote-path must specify a directory.  If the -P
                 flag is specified, then the file's full permission and access
                 time are copied too.
    
         pwd     Display remote working directory.
    
         quit    Quit sftp.
    
         rename oldpath newpath
                 Rename remote file from oldpath to newpath.
    
         rm path
                 Delete remote file specified by path.
    
         rmdir path
                 Remove remote directory specified by path.
    
         symlink oldpath newpath
                 Create a symbolic link from oldpath to newpath.
    
         version
    
    
    

    SEE ALSO

         ftp(1), ls(1), scp(1), ssh(1), ssh-add(1), ssh-keygen(1), glob(3),
         ssh_config(5), sftp-server(8), sshd(8)
    
         T. Ylonen and S. Lehtinen, SSH File Transfer Protocol, draft-ietf-secsh-
         filexfer-00.txt, January 2001, work in progress material.
    
    
    

    BSD October 17, 2017 BSD

    
    
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