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           send [-alias aliasfile] [-draft] [-draftfolder +folder] [-draftmessage
                msg] [-nodraftfolder] [-filter filterfile] [-nofilter] [-format |
                -noformat] [-forward | -noforward] [-mime | -nomime] [-msgid |
                -nomsgid] [-push | -nopush] [-split seconds] [-verbose | -nover-
                bose] [-watch | -nowatch] [-sasl] [-saslmech mechanism] [-user
                username] [-width columns] [file ...]  [-version] [-help] [-attach
                header-field-name] [-attachformat 0 | 1 | 2]


           Send  will cause each of the specified files to be delivered to each of
           the destinations in the "To:", "cc:", "Bcc:", "Dcc:", and "Fcc:" fields
           of  the message.  If send is re-distributing a message, as invoked from
           dist, then the corresponding "Resent-xxx" fields are examined  instead.
           By default, send uses the program post to do the actual delivery of the
           messages, although this can be changed by defining the postproc profile
           component.   Most  of the features attributed to send are actually per-
           formed by post.
           If a header-field-name is supplied using the -attach option, the  draft
           is  scanned  for a header whose field name matches the supplied header-
           field-name.  The draft is converted to a MIME message if  one  or  more
           matches are found.  This conversion occurs before all other processing.
           The first part of the MIME message is the draft body if that body  con-
           tains  any  non-blank  characters.  The body of each header field whose
           name matches the header-field-name is interpreted as a file  name,  and
           each file named is included as a separate part in the MIME message.
           For  file names with dot suffixes, the context is scanned for a mhshow-
           suffix- entry for that suffix.  The content-type for the part is  taken
           from  that  context entry if a match is found.  If no match is found or
           the file does not have a dot suffix, the content-type is text/plain  if
           the  file contains only ASCII characters or application/octet-stream if
           it contains characters outside of the ASCII range.
           Each part contains a name attribute that is the last component  of  the
           path  name.   A x-unix-mode attribute containing the file mode accompa-
           nies each part.  Finally, a description attribute is generated by  run-
           ning the file command on the file.
           The  -attachformat  option  specifies the MIME header field formats:  a
           value of 0, the default, includes the x-unix-mode  attribute  as  noted
           above.  A value of 1 suppresses both that and the "Content-Description"
           header, and adds a "Content-Disposition" header.  A value of 2 adds the
           file  modification-date  parameter to the "Content-Disposition" header.
           You can specify one value in your profile, and override it for individ-
           ual messages at the whatnow prompt.
           Here  are  example  message  part headers for each of the -attachformat
           If -push is specified, send will detach itself from the user's terminal
           and  perform  its  actions  in the background.  If push'd and the draft
           can't be sent, then an error message will be sent (using the  mailproc)
           back  to the user.  If -forward is given, then a copy of the draft will
           be attached to this failure notice.  Using -push differs  from  putting
           send  in  the  background because the output is trapped and analyzed by
           If -verbose is specified, send will indicate the interactions occurring
           with  the  transport  system,  prior  to actual delivery.  If -watch is
           specified send will monitor the delivery of  local  and  network  mail.
           Hence,  by  specifying both switches, a large detail of information can
           be gathered about each step of the message's entry into  the  transport
           The  -draftfolder +folder and -draftmessage msg switches invoke the nmh
           draft folder facility.  This is an advanced (and  highly  useful)  fea-
           ture.  Consult the mh-draft(5) man page for more information.
           If -split is specified, send will split the draft into one or more par-
           tial messages prior to sending.  This makes use of the MIME features in
           nmh.  Note however that if send is invoked under dist, then this switch
           is ignored -- it makes no sense to redistribute a message in this fash-
           ion.  Sometimes you want send to pause after posting a partial message.
           This is usually the case when you are running sendmail  and  expect  to
           generate  a  lot  of partial messages.  The argument to -split tells it
           how long to pause between postings.
           Send with no file argument will query whether the draft is the intended
           file,  whereas  -draft will suppress this question.  Once the transport
           system has successfully accepted custody of the message, the file  will
           be  renamed with a leading comma, which allows it to be retrieved until
           the next draft message is sent.  If there are errors in the  formatting
           of  the  message, send will abort with a (hopefully) helpful error mes-
           If a "Bcc:" field is encountered, its addresses will be used for deliv-
           ery,  and  the  "Bcc:"  field  will be removed from the message sent to
           sighted recipients.  The blind recipients will receive an entirely  new
           message  with  a  minimal  set of headers.  Included in the body of the
           message will be a copy of the message sent to the sighted recipients.
           If a "Dcc:" field is encountered, its addresses will be used for deliv-
           ery,  and the "Dcc:" field will be removed from the message.  The blind
           recipients will receive the same message sent to  the  sighted  recipi-
           ents.  *WARNING*  Recipients  listed  in  the  "Dcc:"  field receive no
           explicit indication that they have received a "blind copy".   This  can
           cause  blind  recipients  to  inadvertently reply to all of the sighted
           recipients of the original message,  revealing  that  they  received  a
           blind  copy.  On the other hand, since a normal reply to a message sent
           via a "Bcc:" field will generate a reply only  to  the  sender  of  the
           file  entry  "Signature" for this information.  If -msgid is specified,
           then a "Message-ID:" field will also be added to the message.
           If send is re-distributing a  message  (when  invoked  by  dist),  then
           "Resent-"  will be prepended to each of these fields: "From:", "Date:",
           and "Message-ID:".  If the message already contains  a  "From:"  field,
           then  a  "Sender: user@local" field will be added as well.  (An already
           existing "Sender:" field is an error!)
           By using the -format switch, each of the entries in the "To:" and "cc:"
           fields  will be replaced with "standard" format entries.  This standard
           format is designed to be usable by all of the message handlers  on  the
           various systems around the Internet.  If -noformat is given, then head-
           ers are output exactly as they appear in the message draft.
           If an "Fcc: folder" is encountered, the message will be copied  to  the
           specified  folder  for the sender in the format in which it will appear
           to any non-Bcc receivers of the message.  That is,  it  will  have  the
           appended  fields  and  field  reformatting.   The "Fcc:" fields will be
           removed from all outgoing copies of the message.
           By using the -width columns switch, the user can direct send as to  how
           long it should make header lines containing addresses.
           If  nmh  has  been  compiled  with  SASL support, the -sasl switch will
           enable the use of SASL authentication with the SMTP MTA.  Depending  on
           the SASL mechanism used, this may require an additional password prompt
           from the user (but the ".netrc" file can be used to  store  this  pass-
           word).  -saslmech switch can be used to select a particular SASL mecha-
           nism, and the the -user switch can be used to  select  a  authorization
           userid to provide to SASL other than the default.
           Currently  SASL security layers are not supported for SMTP.  nmh's SMTP
           SASL code will always negotiate an unencrypted connection.  This  means
           that  while  the  SMTP  authentication can be encrypted, the subsequent
           data stream can not.  This is in contrast to nmh's POP3  SASL  support,
           where  encryption is supported for both the authentication and the data
           The files specified by the profile entry  "Aliasfile:"  and  any  addi-
           tional  alias  files  given by the -alias aliasfile switch will be read
           (more than one file, each preceded  by  -alias,  can  be  named).   See
           mh-alias(5) for more information.


           $HOME/.mh_profile          The user profile


           Path:                To determine the user's nmh directory
           Draft-Folder:        To find the default draft-folder
           '-width 72'
           '-attachformat 0'




           Under  some  configurations,  it  is  not  possible to monitor the mail
           delivery transaction; -watch is a no-op on those systems.
           Using -split 0 doesn't work correctly.

    MH.6.8 1 June 2008 SEND(1)


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