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               [initcmd] [-partition <name of partition to salvage>]
               [-volumeid <volume id to salvage>] [-debug] [-nowrite]
               [-inodes] [-force] [-oktozap] [-rootinodes]
               [-salvagedirs] [-blockreads]
               [-parallel <# of max parallel partition salvaging>]
               [-tmpdir <name of dir to place tmp files>]
               [-showlog] [-showsuid] [-showmounts]
               [-orphans (ignore | remove | attach)] [-help]


           The salvager command initializes the Salvager component of the "fs"
           process. In the conventional configuration, its binary file is located
           in the /usr/lib/openafs directory on a file server machine.
           The Salvager restores internal consistency to corrupted read/write
           volumes on the local file server machine where possible. For read-only
           or backup volumes, it inspects only the volume header:
           ?   If the volume header is corrupted, the Salvager removes the volume
               completely and records the removal in its log file,
               /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog. Issue the vos release or vos backup
               command to create the read-only or backup volume again.
           ?   If the volume header is intact, the Salvager skips the volume (does
               not check for corruption in the contents). However, if the File
               Server notices corruption as it initializes, it sometimes refuses
               to attach the volume or bring it online. In this case, it is
               simplest to remove the volume by issuing the vos remove or vos zap
               command. Then issue the vos release or vos backup command to create
               it again.
           Unlike other server process initialization commands, the Salvager
           command is designed to be issued at the command shell prompt, as well
           as being placed into a file server machine's /etc/openafs/BosConfig
           file with the bos create command. It is also possible to invoke the
           Salvager remotely by issuing the bos salvage command.
           Combine the command's options as indicated to salvage different numbers
           of read/write volumes:
           ?   To salvage all volumes on the file server machine, provide no
               arguments.  No volumes on the machine are accessible to Cache
               Managers during the salvage, because the BOS Server stops the File
               Server and Volume Server processes while the Salvager runs.
           ?   To salvage all of the volumes on one partition, provide the
               -partition argument. As for a salvage of all volumes on the
               machine, no volumes on the machine are accessible to Cache Managers
               during the salvage operation.
           up the space that the Salvager needs to create new inodes.
           By default, multiple Salvager subprocesses run in parallel: one for
           each partition up to four, and four subprocesses for four or more
           partitions. To increase or decrease the number of subprocesses running
           in parallel, provide a positive integer value for the -parallel
           If there is more than one server partition on a physical disk, the
           Salvager by default salvages them serially to avoid the inefficiency of
           constantly moving the disk head from one partition to another. However,
           this strategy is often not ideal if the partitions are configured as
           logical volumes that span multiple disks. To force the Salvager to
           salvage logical volumes in parallel as if they were on separate disks,
           provide the string "all" as the value for the -parallel argument.
           To set both parameters at the same time, append the number of Salvager
           processes to the string "all". For example, "-parallel all5" treats
           each partition as a separate disk and runs five Salvager processes,
           thus salvaging five partitions at a time.
           The Salvager creates temporary files as it runs, by default writing
           them to the partition it is salvaging. The number of files can be quite
           large, and if the partition is too full to accommodate them, the
           Salvager terminates without completing the salvage operation (it always
           removes the temporary files before exiting). Other Salvager
           subprocesses running at the same time continue until they finish
           salvaging all other partitions where there is enough disk space for
           temporary files. To complete the interrupted salvage, reissue the
           command against the appropriate partitions, adding the -tmpdir argument
           to redirect the temporary files to a local disk directory that has
           enough space.
           The -orphans argument controls how the Salvager handles orphaned files
           and directories that it finds on server partitions it is salvaging. An
           orphaned element is completely inaccessible because it is not
           referenced by the vnode of any directory that can act as its parent (is
           higher in the filespace). Orphaned objects occupy space on the server
           partition, but do not count against the volume's quota.
           To generate a list of all mount points that reside in one or more
           volumes, rather than actually salvaging them, include the -showmounts
           This command does not use the syntax conventions of the AFS command
           suites. Provide the command name and all option names in full.


               Accommodates the command's use of the AFS command parser, and is
               Brings all undamaged volumes online without attempting to salvage
               any damaged volumes.
               Records in the /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog file a list of all AFS
               inodes that the Salvager modified.
               Inspects all volumes for corruption, not just those that are marked
               as having been active when a crash occurred.
               Removes a volume that is so damaged that even issuing the vos zap
               command with the -force flag is ineffective. Combine it with the
               -partition and -volumeid arguments to identify the volume to
               remove.  Using this flag will destroy data that cannot be read, so
               use only with caution and when you're certain that nothing in that
               volume is still needed.
               Records in the /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog file a list of all AFS
               inodes owned by the local superuser "root".
               Salvages entire directory structures, even if they do not appear to
               be damaged. By default, the Salvager salvages a directory only if
               it is flagged as corrupted.
               Forces the Salvager to read a partition one disk block (512 bytes)
               at a time and to skip any blocks that are too badly damaged to be
               salvaged.  This allows it to salvage as many volumes as possible.
               By default, the Salvager reads large disk blocks, which can cause
               it to exit prematurely if it encounters disk errors. Use this flag
               if the partition to be salvaged has disk errors.
           -parallel <# of max parallel partition salvaging>
               Specifies the maximum number of Salvager subprocesses to run in
               parallel.  Provide one of three values:
               ?   An integer from the range 1 to 32. A value of 1 means that a
                   single Salvager process salvages the partitions sequentially.
               ?   The string "all" to run up to four Salvager subprocesses in
                   parallel on partitions formatted as logical volumes that span
                   multiple physical disks. Use this value only with such logical
               ?   The string "all" followed immediately (with no intervening
                   space) by an integer from the range 1 to 32, to run the
               Salvager cannot write to the specified directory, it attempts to
               write to the partition being salvaged.
               Displays on the standard output stream all log data that is being
               written to the /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog file.
               Displays a list of the pathnames for all files that have the setuid
               or setgid mode bit set.
               Records in the /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog file all mount points
               found in each volume. The Salvager does not repair corruption in
               the volumes, if any exists.
           -orphans (ignore | remove | attach)
               Controls how the Salvager handles orphaned files and directories.
               Choose one of the following three values:
                   Leaves the orphaned objects on the disk, but prints a message
                   to the /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog file reporting how many
                   orphans were found and the approximate number of kilobytes they
                   are consuming. This is the default if the -orphans argument is
                   Removes the orphaned objects, and prints a message to the
                   /var/log/openafs/SalvageLog file reporting how many orphans
                   were removed and the approximate number of kilobytes they were
                   Attaches the orphaned objects by creating a reference to them
                   in the vnode of the volume's root directory. Since each
                   object's actual name is now lost, the Salvager assigns each one
                   a name of the following form:
                   "__ORPHANFILE__.index" for files.
                   "__ORPHANDIR__.index" for directories.
                   where index is a two-digit number that uniquely identifies each
                   object. The orphans are charged against the volume's quota and
                   appear in the output of the ls command issued against the
                   volume's root directory.
               Prints the online help for this command. All other valid options
               are ignored.


           IBM Corporation 2000. <> All Rights Reserved.
           This documentation is covered by the IBM Public License Version 1.0.
           It was converted from HTML to POD by software written by Chas Williams
           and Russ Allbery, based on work by Alf Wachsmann and Elizabeth Cassell.

    OpenAFS 2012-04-18 SALVAGER(8)


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