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    The following form allows you to view linux man pages.

    Command:

    readprofile

    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           readprofile [options]
    
    
    

    VERSION

           This manpage documents version 2.0 of the program.
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           The  readprofile  command  uses  the /proc/profile information to print
           ascii data on standard  output.   The  output  is  organized  in  three
           columns: the first is the number of clock ticks, the second is the name
           of the C function in the kernel where those many  ticks  occurred,  and
           the  third  is  the normalized 'load' of the procedure, calculated as a
           ratio between the number of ticks and the length of the procedure.  The
           output is filled with blanks to ease readability.
    
           Available command line options are the following:
    
           -m mapfile
                  Specify  a  mapfile,  which  by  default  is /usr/src/linux/Sys-
                  tem.map.  You should specify the map file  on  cmdline  if  your
                  current  kernel  isn't the last one you compiled, or if you keep
                  System.map elsewhere. If the name of  the  map  file  ends  with
                  '.gz' it is decompressed on the fly.
    
           -p pro-file
                  Specify  a  different  profiling  buffer,  which  by  default is
                  /proc/profile.  Using a different pro-file is useful if you want
                  to 'freeze' the kernel profiling at some time and read it later.
                  The /proc/profile file can be copied using 'cat' or 'cp'.  There
                  is no more support for compressed profile buffers, like in read-
                  profile-1.1, because the program needs to know the size  of  the
                  buffer in advance.
    
           -i     Info.  This makes readprofile only print the profiling step used
                  by the kernel.  The profiling step is the resolution of the pro-
                  filing   buffer,  and  is  chosen  during  kernel  configuration
                  (through 'make config'), or in the kernel's  command  line.   If
                  the  -t (terse) switch is used together with -i only the decimal
                  number is printed.
    
           -a     Print all symbols in the mapfile. By default the procedures with
                  0 reported ticks are not printed.
    
           -b     Print individual histogram-bin counts.
                  kernel).   This  option  also  resets  the profiling buffer, and
                  requires superuser privileges.
    
           -v     Verbose. The output is organized in four columns and filled with
                  blanks.   The  first column is the RAM address of a kernel func-
                  tion, the second is the name of the function, the third  is  the
                  number of clock ticks and the last is the normalized load.
    
           -V     Version.  This  makes  readprofile  print its version number and
                  exit.
    
    
    

    EXAMPLES

           Browse the profiling buffer ordering by clock ticks:
              readprofile | sort -nr | less
    
           Print the 20 most loaded procedures:
              readprofile | sort -nr +2 | head -20
    
           Print only filesystem profile:
              readprofile | grep _ext2
    
           Look at all the kernel information, with ram addresses"
              readprofile -av | less
    
           Browse a 'freezed' profile buffer for a non current kernel:
              readprofile -p ~/profile.freeze -m /zImage.map.gz
    
           Request profiling at 2kHz per CPU, and reset the profiling buffer
              sudo readprofile -M 20
    
    
    

    BUGS

           readprofile  only  works  with  an  1.3.x  or  newer  kernel,   because
           /proc/profile changed in the step from 1.2 to 1.3
    
           This  program only works with ELF kernels. The change for a.out kernels
           is trivial, and left as an exercise to the a.out user.
    
           To enable profiling, the kernel must be rebooted, because no  profiling
           module  is  available, and it wouldn't be easy to build. To enable pro-
           filing, you can specify "profile=2" (or another number) on  the  kernel
           commandline.   The  number you specify is the two-exponent used as pro-
           filing step.
    
           Profiling is disabled when interrupts are inhibited.  This  means  that
    
    
    

    4th Berkeley Distribution May 1996 READPROFILE(1)

    
    
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