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    Command:

    postqueue

    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -f
           postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -i queue_id
           postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -p
           postqueue [-v] [-c config_dir] -s site
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           The  postqueue(1)  command  implements  the  Postfix user interface for
           queue management.  It  implements  operations  that  are  traditionally
           available  via  the  sendmail(1) command.  See the postsuper(1) command
           for queue operations that require super-user privileges such as  delet-
           ing a message from the queue or changing the status of a message.
    
           The following options are recognized:
    
           -c config_dir
                  The main.cf configuration file is in the named directory instead
                  of the default configuration directory. See also the MAIL_CONFIG
                  environment setting below.
    
           -f     Flush the queue: attempt to deliver all queued mail.
    
                  This option implements the traditional "sendmail -q" command, by
                  contacting the Postfix qmgr(8) daemon.
    
                  Warning: flushing undeliverable mail frequently will  result  in
                  poor delivery performance of all other mail.
    
           -i queue_id
                  Schedule  immediate delivery of deferred mail with the specified
                  queue ID.
    
                  This option implements the traditional sendmail -qI command,  by
                  contacting the flush(8) server.
    
                  This feature is available with Postfix version 2.4 and later.
    
           -p     Produce a traditional sendmail-style queue listing.  This option
                  implements the traditional  mailq  command,  by  contacting  the
                  Postfix showq(8) daemon.
    
                  Each  queue entry shows the queue file ID, message size, arrival
                  time, sender, and the recipients that still need  to  be  deliv-
                  ered.  If mail could not be delivered upon the last attempt, the
                  reason for failure is shown. This mode of  operation  is  imple-
                  mented  by  executing  the  postqueue(1)  command.  The queue ID
                  string is followed by an optional status character:
    
                  *      The message is in the active queue, i.e. the  message  is
                         selected for delivery.
    
                  !      The  message is in the hold queue, i.e. no further deliv-
    
           -v     Enable  verbose  logging  for  debugging  purposes.  Multiple -v
                  options make the software increasingly verbose.  As  of  Postfix
                  2.3, this option is available for the super-user only.
    
    
    

    SECURITY

           This  program  is designed to run with set-group ID privileges, so that
           it can connect to Postfix daemon processes.
    
    
    

    DIAGNOSTICS

           Problems are logged to syslogd(8) and to the standard error stream.
    
    
    

    ENVIRONMENT

           MAIL_CONFIG
                  Directory with the main.cf file. In order to avoid  exploitation
                  of  set-group ID privileges, a non-standard directory is allowed
                  only if:
    
                  ?      The name is listed in the standard main.cf file with  the
                         alternate_config_directories configuration parameter.
    
                  ?      The command is invoked by the super-user.
    
    
    

    CONFIGURATION PARAMETERS

           The  following  main.cf parameters are especially relevant to this pro-
           gram.  The text below provides only  a  parameter  summary.  See  post-
           conf(5) for more details including examples.
    
           alternate_config_directories (empty)
                  A list of non-default Postfix configuration directories that may
                  be specified with "-c config_directory" on the command line,  or
                  via the MAIL_CONFIG environment parameter.
    
           config_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
                  The  default  location of the Postfix main.cf and master.cf con-
                  figuration files.
    
           command_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
                  The location of all postfix administrative commands.
    
           fast_flush_domains ($relay_domains)
                  Optional list of destinations that are eligible for per-destina-
                  tion logfiles with mail that is queued to those destinations.
    
           import_environment (see 'postconf -d' output)
                  The  list  of environment parameters that a Postfix process will
                  import from a non-Postfix parent process.
    
           queue_directory (see 'postconf -d' output)
                  The location of the Postfix top-level queue directory.
    
           syslog_facility (mail)
                  The syslog facility of Postfix logging.
    
           authorized_mailq_users (static:anyone)
                  List of users who are authorized to view the queue.
    
    
    

    FILES

           /var/spool/postfix, mail queue
    
    
    

    SEE ALSO

           qmgr(8), queue manager
           showq(8), list mail queue
           flush(8), fast flush service
           sendmail(1), Sendmail-compatible user interface
           postsuper(1), privileged queue operations
    
    
    

    README FILES

           Use  "postconf readme_directory" or "postconf html_directory" to locate
           this information.
           ETRN_README, Postfix ETRN howto
    
    
    

    LICENSE

           The Secure Mailer license must be distributed with this software.
    
    
    

    HISTORY

           The postqueue command was introduced with Postfix version 1.1.
    
    
    

    AUTHOR(S)

           Wietse Venema
           IBM T.J. Watson Research
           P.O. Box 704
           Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, USA
    
                                                                      POSTQUEUE(1)
    
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