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           file ...  -h | --help -v | --version [option ...]


           pdfroff is a wrapper program for the GNU text processing system, groff.
           It transparently handles the mechanics of multiple pass groff  process-
           ing,  when  applied to suitably marked up groff source files, such that
           tables of contents and body text are formatted separately, and are sub-
           sequently  combined  in  the  correct order, for final publication as a
           single PDF document.  A further optional "style  sheet"  capability  is
           provided;  this  allows for the definition of content which is required
           to precede the table of contents, in the published document.
           For each invocation of pdfroff, the ultimate  groff  output  stream  is
           post-processed  by  the  GhostScript interpreter, to produce a finished
           PDF document.
           pdfroff makes no assumptions about, and imposes no restrictions on, the
           use of any groff macro packages which the user may choose to employ, in
           order to achieve a desired document format; however,  it  does  include
           specific  built  in  support  for the pdfmark macro package, should the
           user choose to employ it.  Specifically, if the pdfhref macro,  defined
           in  the pdfmark.tmac package, is used to define public reference marks,
           or dynamic links to such reference marks, then pdfroff performs as many
           preformatting  groff passes as required, up to a maximum limit of four,
           in order to compile a document reference dictionary, to resolve  refer-
           ences, and to expand the dynamically defined content of links.


           The  command  line is parsed in accordance with normal GNU conventions,
           but with one exception -- when specifying any short form option (i.e., a
           single  character  option  introduced  by a single hyphen), and if that
           option expects an argument, then it  must  be  specified  independently
           (i.e.,  it  may  not be appended to any group of other single character
           short form options).
           Long form option names (i.e., those introduced by a double hyphen)  may
           be abbreviated to their minimum length unambiguous initial substring.
           Otherwise, pdfroff usage closely mirrors that of groff itself.  Indeed,
           with the exception of the -h, -v, and -T dev short  form  options,  and
           all  long  form  options,  which  are parsed internally by pdfroff, all
           options and file name arguments  specified  on  the  command  line  are
           passed  on  to  groff,  to  control the formatting of the PDF document.
           Consequently, pdfroff accepts all options and arguments,  as  specified
           in  groff(1),  which may also be considered as the definitive reference
           for all standard pdfroff options and argument usage.


           pdfroff accepts all of the short form options (i.e.,  those  introduced
           by  a  single  hyphen), which are available with groff itself.  In most
           cases, these are simply passed transparently to groff;  the  following,
           See groff(1) for a description of all other short form  options,  which
           are transparently passed through pdfroff to groff.
           All  long  form options (i.e., those introduced by a double hyphen) are
           interpreted locally by pdfroff; they are not passed on to groff, unless
           otherwise stated below.
           --help Causes pdfroff to display a summary of the its usage syntax, and
                  supported options, and then exit.
                  Suppresses the final output conversion step, causing pdfroff  to
                  emit  PostScript  output instead of PDF.  This may be useful, to
                  capture intermediate PostScript output, when using a specialised
                  postprocessor,  such  as  gpresent  for example, in place of the
                  default GhostScript PDF writer.
                  Suppresses the  deletion  of  temporary  files,  which  normally
                  occurs after pdfroff has completed PDF document formatting; this
                  may be useful, when debugging formatting problems.
                  See section FILES, for a description of the temporary files used
                  by pdfroff.
                  May   be   used   with  the  --reference-dictionary=name  option
                  (described below) to eliminate the overhead of  PDF  formatting,
                  when  running  pdfroff to create a reference dictionary, for use
                  in a different document.
                  May be used to eliminate the overhead of  creating  a  reference
                  dictionary,  when  it is known that the target PDF document con-
                  tains no public references, created by the pdfhref macro.
                  May be used to eliminate the extra groff processing pass,  which
                  is  required to generate a table of contents, and relocate it to
                  the start of the PDF  document,  when  processing  any  document
                  which lacks an automatically generated table of contents.
                  While  preparing  for  simulation  of the manual collation step,
                  which is traditionally required to relocate of a table  of  con-
                  tents  to  the start of a document, pdfroff accumulates a number
                  of empty page descriptions into the intermediate PostScript out-
                  put  stream.  During the final collation step, these empty pages
                  are normally discarded from the finished document;  this  option
                  forces pdfroff to leave them in place.
                  Causes  pdfroff  to display an informational message on standard
                  error, at the start of each groff processing pass.
                  Specifies the name of an input file, to be used as a style sheet
                  for  formatting of content, which is to be placed before the ta-
                  ble of contents, in the formatted PDF document.
                  Causes pdfroff to display a version identification message.  The
                  entire  command line is then passed transparently to groff, in a
                  one pass operation only, in  order  to  display  the  associated
                  groff version information, before exiting.


           The following environment variables may be set, and exported, to modify
           the behaviour of pdfroff.
                  Specifies the program to be used for collation  of  the  finshed
                  PDF document.
                  This  collation  step may be required to move tables of contents
                  to the start of the finished PDF document, when formatting  with
                  traditional  macro  packages, which print them at the end.  How-
                  ever, users should not normally need to specify PDFROFF_COLLATE,
                  (and  indeed,  are  not  encouraged  to do so).  If unspecified,
                  pdfroff uses sed(1) by default, which normally suffices.
                  If PDFROFF_COLLATE is specified, then it must act as  a  filter,
                  accepting a list of file name arguments, and write its output to
                  the   stdout   stream,   whence   it    is    piped    to    the
                  PDFROFF_POSTPROCESSOR_COMMAND,  to produce the finished PDF out-
                  When specifying PDFROFF_COLLATE, it  is  normally  necessary  to
                  also specify PDFROFF_KILL_NULL_PAGES.
                  PDFROFF_COLLATE  is  ignored,  if  pdfroff  is  invoked with the
                  --no-kill-null-pages option.
                  Specifies options to be passed to the PDFROFF_COLLATE program.
                  It   should   not   normally    be    necessary    to    specify
                  PDFROFF_KILL_NULL_PAGES.   The  internal  default  is  a  sed(1)
                  script, which is intended to remove completely blank pages  from
                  the  collated  output stream, and which should be appropriate in
                  most applications of pdfroff.  However, if  any  alternative  to
                  sed(1)  is specified for PDFROFF_COLLATE, then it is likely that
                  a     corresponding      alternative      specification      for
                    gs -dBATCH -dQUIET -dNOPAUSE -dSAFER -sDEVICE=pdfwrite
                  Identifies the directory in which pdfroff should  create  tempo-
                  rary  files.   If  GROFF_TMPDIR is not specified, then the vari-
                  ables TMPDIR, TMP and TEMP are considered in turn,  as  possible
                  temporary  file  repositories.   If  none of these are set, then
                  temporary files are created in the current directory.
                  Specifies the program to be invoked, when pdfroff converts groff
                  PostScript  output  to PDF.  If PDFROFF_POSTPROCESSOR_COMMAND is
                  specified, then the command name it specifies is implicitly  as-
                  signed to GROFF_GHOSTSCRIPT_INTERPRETER, overriding any explicit
                  setting     specified     in      the      environment.       If
                  GROFF_GHOSTSCRIPT_INTERPRETER  is  not  specified,  then pdfroff
                  searches the process PATH, looking for a program with any of the
                  well   known  names  for  the  GhostScript  interpreter;  if  no
                  GhostScript interpreter can be found, pdfroff aborts.
                  Specifies the program to be invoked, when pdfroff is  extracting
                  reference  dictionary  entries from a groff intermediate message
                  stream.  If GROFF_AWK_INTERPRETER is not specified, then pdfroff
                  searches the process PATH, looking for any of the preferred pro-
                  grams, 'gawk', 'mawk', 'nawk' and 'awk', in this order; if  none
                  of  these  are found, pdfroff issues a warning message, and con-
                  tinue processing; however, in this case, no reference dictionary
                  is created.
           OSTYPE Typically  defined automatically by the operating system, OSTYPE
                  is used on Microsoft Win32/MS-DOS platforms only, to  infer  the
                  default PATH_SEPARATOR character, which is used when parsing the
                  process PATH to search for external helper programs.
                  If set, PATH_SEPARATOR overrides the default  separator  charac-
                  ter,  (':'  on  POSIX/UNIX  systems, inferred from OSTYPE on Mi-
                  crosoft Win32/MS-DOS), which is used when  parsing  the  process
                  PATH to search for external helper programs.
                  If this is set to a non-empty value, then pdfroff always behaves
                  as if the --report-progress option is specified, on the  command


           Input  and  output files for pdfroff may be named according to any con-
           vention of the user's choice.  Typically, input files may be named  ac-
           cording  to the choice of the principal formatting macro package, e.g.,
           cess ID of the pdfroff process itself, and * represents any of the  ex-
           tensions used by pdfroff to identify the following temporary and inter-
           mediate files.
                  A scratch pad file, used to capture reference  data  emitted  by
                  groff, during the reference dictionary compilation phase.
                  The  reference  dictionary, as compiled in the last but one pass
                  of the reference dictionary compilation phase; (at the start  of
                  the  first pass, this file is created empty; in successive pass-
                  es, it contains the reference dictionary entries,  as  collected
                  in the preceding pass).
                  If the --reference-dictionary=name option is specified, this in-
                  termediate file becomes permanent, and  is  named  name,  rather
                  than pdf$$.ref.
                  Used  to  collect reference dictionary entries during the active
                  pass of the reference dictionary compilation phase.  At the  end
                  of any pass, when the content of pdf$$.cmp compares as identical
                  to  pdf$$.ref,  (or  the  corresponding  file   named   by   the
                  --reference-dictionary=name  option),  then reference dictionary
                  compilation is terminated, and the document reference map is ap-
                  pended  to  this  intermediate  file, for inclusion in the final
                  formatting passes.
                  An intermediate PostScript file, in which  "Table  of  Contents"
                  entries  are collected, to facilitate relocation before the body
                  text, on ultimate output to the GhostScript postprocessor.
                  An intermediate PostScript file, in which the body text is  col-
                  lected  prior  to ultimate output to the GhostScript postproces-
                  sor, in the proper sequence, after pdf$$.tc.


           See groff(1) for the definitive reference to document  formatting  with
           groff.   Since  pdfroff  provides a superset of all groff capabilities,
           groff(1) may also be considered to be the definitive reference  to  all
           standard capabilities of pdfroff, with this document providing the ref-
           erence to pdfroff's extended features.
           While pdfroff imposes neither any restriction on, nor  any  requirement
           for,  the use of any specific groff macro package, a number of supplied
           macro packages, and in particular those  associated  with  the  package
           pdfmark.tmac,  are  best  suited  for use with pdfroff as the preferred
           formatter.  Detailed documentation on the use of these packages may  be
           found,  in PDF format, in the reference guide "Portable Document Format

    Groff Version 1.21 01 April 2012 PDFROFF(1)


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