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           numactl [ --interleave nodes ] [ --preferred node ] [ --membind nodes ]
           [ --cpunodebind nodes ] [ --physcpubind cpus ] [  --localalloc  ]  [--]
           command {arguments ...}
           numactl --show
           numactl --hardware
           numactl [ --huge ] [ --offset offset ] [ --shmmode shmmode ] [ --length
           length ] [ --strict ]
           [ --shmid id ] --shm shmkeyfile | --file tmpfsfile
           [ --touch ] [ --dump ] [ --dump-nodes ] memory policy


           numactl runs processes with a specific NUMA scheduling or memory place-
           ment policy.  The policy is set for command and inherited by all of its
           children.  In addition it can set persistent policy for  shared  memory
           segments or files.
           Use  --  before command if using command options that could be confused
           with numactl options.
           nodes may be specified as N,N,N or  N-N or N,N-N  or   N-N,N-N  and  so
           forth.  Relative nodes may be specifed as +N,N,N or  +N-N or +N,N-N and
           so forth. The + indicates that the node numbers  are  relative  to  the
           process'  set  of allowed nodes in its current cpuset.  A !N-N notation
           indicates the inverse of N-N, in other words all nodes except N-N.   If
           used  with + notation, specify !+N-N. When same is specified the previ-
           ous nodemask specified on the command line  is  used.   all  means  all
           nodes in the current cpuset.
           Instead of a number a node can also be:
           netdev:DEV                 The node connected to network device DEV.
           file:PATH                  The node the block device of PATH.
           ip:HOST                    The node of the network device of HOST
           block:PATH                 The node of block device PATH
           pci:[seg:]bus:dev[:func]   The node of a PCI device.
           Note  that  block  resolves the kernel block device names only for udev
           names in /dev use file:
           Policy settings are:
           --interleave=nodes, -i nodes
                  Set a memory interleave policy. Memory will be  allocated  using
                  round  robin  on  nodes.  When memory cannot be allocated on the
                  current interleave target fall back to  other  nodes.   Multiple
                  nodes may be specified on --interleave, --membind and --cpunode-
           --membind=nodes, -m nodes
                  Only allocate memory from  nodes.   Allocation  will  fail  when
                  there  is not enough memory available on these nodes.  nodes may
                  so forth. The + indicates that the cpu numbers are  relative  to
                  the  process' set of allowed cpus in its current cpuset.  A !N-N
                  notation indicates the inverse of N-N, in other words  all  cpus
                  except N-N.  If used with + notation, specify !+N-N.
           --localalloc, -l
                  Always allocate on the current node.
                  Preferably  allocate  memory  on  node,  but if memory cannot be
                  allocated there fall back to other  nodes.   This  option  takes
                  only a single node number.  Relative notation may be used.
           --show, -s
                  Show NUMA policy settings of the current process.
           --hardware, -H
                  Show inventory of available nodes on the system.
           Numactl can set up policy for a SYSV shared memory segment or a file in
           This  policy  is  persistent and will be used by all mappings from that
           shared memory. The order of options matters  here.   The  specification
           must  at  least include either of --shm, --shmid, --file to specify the
           shared memory segment or file and a memory policy like described  above
           ( --interleave, --localalloc, --preferred, --membind ).
           When  creating a SYSV shared memory segment use huge pages.  Only valid
           before --shmid or --shm
           Specify offset into the shared memory segment. Default 0.  Valid  units
           are m (for MB), g (for GB), k (for KB), otherwise it specifies bytes.
           Give  an  error  when  a page in the policied area in the shared memory
           segment already was faulted in with a conflicting policy. Default is to
           silently ignore this.
           --shmmode shmmode
           Only  valid  before --shmid or --shm When creating a shared memory seg-
           ment set it to numeric mode shmmode.
           --length length
           Apply policy to length range in the shared memory segment or  make  the
           segment  length  long  Default  is to use the remaining length Required
           when a shared memory segment is created and specifies the length of the
           new  segment  then. Valid units are m (for MB), g (for GB), k (for KB),
           otherwise it specifies bytes.
           Dump policy in the specified range.
           Dump all nodes of the specific range (very verbose!)
           Valid node specifiers
           all                 All nodes
           number              Node number
           number1{,number2}   Node number1 and Node number2
           number1-number2     Nodes from number1 to number2
           ! nodes             Invert selection of the following specification.


           numactl --physcpubind=+0-4,8-12 myapplic arguments Run myapplic on cpus
           0-4 and 8-12 of the current cpuset.
           numactl  --interleave=all  bigdatabase  arguments Run big database with
           its memory interleaved on all CPUs.
           numactl --cpunodebind=0 --membind=0,1 process Run  process  on  node  0
           with memory allocated on node 0 and 1.
           numactl  --cpunodebind=0  --membind=0,1  --  process  -l Run process as
           above, but with an option (-l) that would be confused  with  a  numactl
           numactl --nodebind=netdev:eth0 --membind=netdev:eth0 network-server Run
           network-server on the node of network device eth0 with its memory  also
           in the same node.
           numactl  --preferred=1 numactl --show Set preferred node 1 and show the
           resulting state.
           numactl --interleave=all --shmkeyfile /tmp/shmkey Interleave all of the
           sysv shared memory region specified by /tmp/shmkey over all nodes.
           Place a tmpfs file on 2 nodes:
             numactl --membind=2 dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/shm/A bs=1M count=1024
             numactl  --membind=3  dd  if=/dev/zero  of=/dev/shm/A seek=1024 bs=1M
           numactl --localalloc /dev/shm/file Reset the policy for the shared mem-
           ory file file to the default localalloc policy.


           Requires an NUMA policy aware kernel.
           Command  is  not  executed  using  a  shell.  If  you want to use shell
           metacharacters in the child use sh -c as wrapper.
           /proc/cpuinfo  for the listing of active CPUs. See proc(5) for details.
           /sys/devices/system/node/node*/numastat for NUMA memory hit statistics.


           Copyright  2002,2004  Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs.  numactl and the demo pro-
           grams are under the GNU General Public License, v.2


           set_mempolicy(2) , get_mempolicy(2) , mbind(2) , sched_setaffinity(2) ,
           sched_getaffinity(2) , proc(5) , ftok(3) , shmat(2) , migratepages(8)

    SuSE Labs Mar 2004 NUMACTL(8)


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