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           ncpmount [ -h ] [ -S server ] [ -U user name ] [ -P password | -n  ]  [
           -C ] [ -c client name ] [ -u uid ] [ -g gid ] [ -f file mode ] [ -d dir
           mode ] [ -V volume ] [ -t time_out ] [ -r retry_count ] [  -b  ]  [  -i
           level  ]  [  -v  ] [ -m ] [ -y iocharset ] [ -p codepage ] [ -N ignored
           namespace ] [ -2 | -3 | -4 ] [ -s ] [ -A dns name ] mount-point
           mount.ncp remote-server-and-user mount-point  [  -n  ]  [  -v  ]  [  -o
           mount_options ]


           This  program  is  used to mount volumes of the specified NetWare File-
           server under the specified mount point.
           ncpfs is a linux filesystem which understands the NCP protocol. This is
           the  protocol  Novell  NetWare  clients use to talk to NetWare servers.
           ncpfs was inspired by lwared, a free NetWare emulator for Linux written
           by  Ales  Dryak.  See  for this very
           interesting program.
           ncpmount, when invoked with all  appropriate  arguments,  attaches  and
           logs  into  specified  server  and mounts all volumes (or one volume or
           subtree) from server under the specified mount  point.   ncpmount  when
           invoked  without  any  arguments specifying the fileserver, user id and
           password checks the file $HOME/.nwclient to find a file server, a  user
           name  and possibly a password to use for the specified mount point. See
           nwclient(5) for more information. Please note that the  access  permis-
           sions of .nwclient MUST be 600, for security reasons.


              mount-point  is the directory you want to mount the filesystem over.
              Its function is the the same as for a normal mount command.
              If the real uid of the caller is not root, ncpmount  checks  whether
              the  user is allowed to mount a filesystem on the mount-point. So it
              should be safe to make ncpmount setuid root. The  filesystem  stores
              the  uid  of  the  user  who called ncpmount. So ncpumount can check
              whether the caller is allowed to unmount the filesystem.
           -S server (mount option server= or part before / in  remote-server-and-
              server is the name of the server you want to use.
              -h is used to print out a short help text.
           -C (mount option noupcasepasswd)
              rently unused)
           pass-fd=fd (only mount option)
              If you want to pass password in secure way to ncpmount, you can pass
              it through specified fd.
           -P password (mount option passwd=)
              specifies the password to use for the Netware user id.
              If neither -n nor the -P nor the passwdfile= nor the pass-fd=  argu-
              ments  are specified ncpmount will prompt for a password. This makes
              it difficult to use in scripts such as /etc/rc. If you want to  have
              ncpmount  work  automatically  from  a  script  you must include the
              appropriate option and be very careful  to  ensure  that  appopriate
              file  permissions are set for the script that includes your password
              to ensure that others can not read it.
           -U user name (mount option  user=  or  rest  of  remote-server-and-user
           after /)
              Specifies  the  Netware  user id to use when logging in to the file-
              server. If this option is not specified then ncpmount  will  attempt
              to  login  to  the  fileserver  using the Linux login id of the user
              invoking ncpmount.
           -m (mount option multiple)
              Normally, ncpmount limits  number  of  connections  from  client  to
              server  to one per unique user name. If you want mount more than one
              connection with same username and server, you must specify -m.
           -u uid, -g gid (mount option uid= and gid=)
              ncpmount does  not  yet  implement  a  scheme  for  mapping  NetWare
              users/groups  to  Linux  users/groups. Linux requires that each file
              has an owner and group id.  With -u and -g  you  can  tell  ncpmount
              which id's it should assign to the files in the mounted directory.
              The defaults for these values are the current uid and gid.
           -c user name (mount option owner=)
              -c  names  the  user who is the owner of the connection, where owner
              does not refer to file ownership (that "owner"  is  set  by  the  -u
              argument),  but  the  owner of the mount, ie: who is allowed to call
              ncpumount on this mount. The default owner of the connection and the
              mount  is  the  user  who called ncpmount. This option allows you to
              specify that some other user should be set as the owner.
              In this this way it is possible to mount a public  read-only  direc-
              tory, but to allow the lp daemon to print on NetWare queues. This is
              possible because only users who have write permissions on  a  direc-
              tory may issue ncp requests over a connection. The exception to this
              rule is the 'mount owner', who is also granted 'request permission'.
           -f  file  mode,  -d  dir  mode  (mount  option mode= (or filemode=) and
              There are 2 general ways you  can  mount  a  NetWare  server's  disk
              space:  Either you can mount all volumes under one directory, or you
              can mount only a single volume.
              When you choose to mount the complete disk space at once,  you  have
              the  advantage  that only one Linux mount point and only one NetWare
              connection is used for all the volumes of this server. Both of these
              are  limited  resources. (Although raising the number of Linux mount
              points is significantly cheaper than raising the number of available
              NetWare connections ;-))
              When  you  specify  to  mount a single volume by using the option -V
              volume, you have the big advantage that nfsd is  able  to  re-export
              this  mounted  directory.  You  must invoke nfsd and mountd with the
              option --re-export to make nfsd re-export ncpfs mounted directories.
              This  uses  one  Linux  mount  point  and one NetWare connection per
              mounted volume. Maybe sometime in the future I will make it possible
              to  mount all volumes on different mount points, using only one con-
           -t time_out (mount option timeo= or timeout=)
              With -t you can adjust the time ncpfs waits for the server to answer
              a  request  it  sent. Use the option to raise the timeout value when
              your ncpfs connections seem to be unstable although your servers are
              well up. This can happen when you have very busy servers, or servers
              that are very far away.
              time_out is specified in 1/100s, the current default value is 60.
           -r retry_count (mount option retry=)
              As -t, -r can be used to tune the ncpfs connection  to  the  server.
              With  retry_count  you can specify how many times ncpfs will attempt
              to send a packet to the server before it decides the  connection  is
              dead. The current default value is 5.
              Currently  ncpfs is not too clever when trying to find out that con-
              nections are dead. If anybody knows how to do that correctly, as  it
              is done by commercial workstations, please tell me.
           -y iocharset (mount option iocharset=)
              You  can  specify  character  translation rules for converting names
              from unicode to your desktop (it works together with -p).  iocharset
              is charset name, for example iso8859-1.
           -p codepage (mount option codepage=)
              You  can  specify  character  translation rules for converting names
              from Netware encoding to unicode (it works together with -y).  code-
              page is codepage name, for example cp437.
           -b (mount option bindery)
              If you are connecting to NetWare 4 or NetWare 5 through bindery emu-
              lation instead of NDS, you must specify this option.
              (or in server=). This name is used to switch ncpmount into UDP  mode
              and  to  specify server to connect. Currently, DNS is only supported
              IP name resolution protocol. There is currently no support for  SLP.
           -N ignored namespace (mount option nonfs and nolong)
              ncpfs  supports  NFS,  LONG (OS/2) and DOS namespace on NetWare vol-
              umes. If you do not want to use NFS or LONG  namespace  (because  of
              bugs in (server) code or for backward compatibility), you must spec-
              ify these ignored namespaces in mount parameters.
              If you have unusual ncpfs code in kernel and ncpmount is not able to
              autodetect it, use this option. It switches ncpmount to ncpfs inter-
              face version 2. This interface was used in 2.0.x kernels,  does  not
              support  NCP/UDP,  does not have NDS authentication info storage and
              uses only 16bit uid/gid.
              If you have unusual ncpfs code in kernel and ncpmount is not able to
              autodetect it, use this option. It switches ncpmount to ncpfs inter-
              face version 3. This interface was used in kernels  from  2.1.30  to
              2.3.40 (laters 2.3.x and 2.4.x still supports this interface to make
              transition easier). This interface supports NCP/UDP, does  have  NDS
              authentication  info storage (if you uncomment it in kernel sources)
              and uses 16bit uid/gid.
              If you have unusual ncpfs code in kernel and ncpmount is not able to
              autodetect it, use this option. It switches ncpmount to ncpfs inter-
              face version 4. This interface is used in kernels after 2.3.40. This
              interface  supports NCP/UDP, does have NDS authentication info stor-
              age and uses 32bit uid/gid.
           -s (mount option strong)
              Normally, files marked read-only cannot be removed from NetWare vol-
              ume because of they are marked Delete Inhibit and Rename Inhibit. If
              you want to remove these files by simple unlink,  you  should  mount
              volume with this option.
           mount option nostrong
              Refuse  to remove read-only files. If you want remove such file, you
              must first remove read-only attribute. It is  standard  behavior  of
           mount option symlinks
              Use  special,  normally  unused,  attributes combinations to express
              symlinks, executable attributes and files readable by world.
           mount option nosymlinks
              Do not allow special meaning of 'shareable'  attribute.  This  is  a
              modes to be changed, and to allow the creation of symlinks and named
              pipes.  This adds significant overhead to fetching file information.
           mount option nonfsextras
              Do not make use of meta-data provided by the NFS namespace.  This is
              the default.


           USER / LOGNAME
              The variables USER or LOGNAME may contain the username of the person
              using  the  client.   USER is tried first. If it's empty, LOGNAME is


           Most diagnostics issued by ncpfs are logged by syslogd. Normally  noth-
           ing is printed, only error situations are logged there.


           If  you  want  to  mount volume SYS as user DOWNLOAD from server MIRROR
           into directory /home/pub/mirror, with  files  owner  mirror.mirror  and
           file mode -rw-r--r--, you can add
           MIRROR/DOWNLOAD    /home/pub/mirror    ncp   defaults,mode=644,uid=mir-
           into /etc/fstab. You should always specify multiple in  mount  options,
           otherwise there can be only one connection to server with same name.


              You  must configure the IPX subsystem before ncpmount will work.  It
              is especially important that there is a route to the  internal  net-
              work of your server.
              You must specify both -S logical_name and -A dns_name.  logical_name
              is used for searching .nwclient, other configuration  files  and  is
              logged into /etc/mtab, dns_name is used for connecting to server. In
              future, logical_name will be read from server.


           syslogd(8), ncpumount(8), nfsd(8), mountd(8), mount(8)


           ncpfs would not have been possible  without  lwared,  written  by  Ales
           Dryak (

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