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    Command:

    mq_open

    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           #include <fcntl.h>           /* For O_* constants */
           #include <sys/stat.h>        /* For mode constants */
           #include <mqueue.h>
    
           mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag);
           mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag, mode_t mode,
                         struct mq_attr *attr);
    
           Link with -lrt.
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           mq_open() creates a new POSIX message queue or opens an existing queue.
           The queue is identified by name.  For details of  the  construction  of
           name, see mq_overview(7).
    
           The  oflag  argument  specifies flags that control the operation of the
           call.  (Definitions of the flags values can be  obtained  by  including
           <fcntl.h>.)  Exactly one of the following must be specified in oflag:
    
           O_RDONLY
                  Open the queue to receive messages only.
    
           O_WRONLY
                  Open the queue to send messages only.
    
           O_RDWR Open the queue to both send and receive messages.
    
           Zero or more of the following flags can additionally be ORed in oflag:
    
           O_NONBLOCK
                  Open  the  queue  in  nonblocking  mode.  In circumstances where
                  mq_receive(3) and mq_send(3) would normally block,  these  func-
                  tions instead fail with the error EAGAIN.
    
           O_CREAT
                  Create  the message queue if it does not exist.  The owner (user
                  ID) of the message queue is set to the effective user ID of  the
                  calling  process.   The group ownership (group ID) is set to the
                  effective group ID of the calling process.
    
           O_EXCL If O_CREAT was specified in oflag, and a queue  with  the  given
                  name already exists, then fail with the error EEXIST.
    
           If O_CREAT is specified in oflag, then two additional arguments must be
           supplied.  The mode argument specifies the permissions to be placed  on
           the  new  queue, as for open(2).  (Symbolic definitions for the permis-
           sions bits can be obtained by including <sys/stat.h>.)  The permissions
           settings are masked against the process umask.  The attr argument spec-
           ifies attributes for the queue.  See  mq_getattr(3)  for  details.   If
           attr  is  NULL,  then  the queue is created with implementation-defined
           default attributes.
    
           EINVAL O_CREAT was specified in oflag,  and  attr  was  not  NULL,  but
                  attr->mq_maxmsg  or attr->mq_msqsize was invalid.  Both of these
                  fields must be greater than zero.  In a process that is unprivi-
                  leged   (does   not   have   the  CAP_SYS_RESOURCE  capability),
                  attr->mq_maxmsg must be less than or equal to the msg_max limit,
                  and  attr->mq_msgsize  must  be  less  than or equal to the msg-
                  size_max limit.  In addition,  even  in  a  privileged  process,
                  attr->mq_maxmsg   cannot   exceed   the  HARD_MAX  limit.   (See
                  mq_overview(7) for details of these limits.)
    
           EMFILE The process already has the maximum number of files and  message
                  queues open.
    
           ENAMETOOLONG
                  name was too long.
    
           ENFILE The  system  limit on the total number of open files and message
                  queues has been reached.
    
           ENOENT The O_CREAT flag was not specified in oflag, and no  queue  with
                  this name exists.
    
           ENOENT name was just "/" followed by no other characters.
    
           ENOMEM Insufficient memory.
    
           ENOSPC Insufficient  space  for  the  creation  of a new message queue.
                  This probably occurred because the queues_max limit was  encoun-
                  tered; see mq_overview(7).
    
    
    

    CONFORMING TO

           POSIX.1-2001.
    
    
    

    BUGS

           In kernels before 2.6.14, the process umask was not applied to the per-
           missions specified in mode.
    
    
    

    SEE ALSO

           mq_close(3), mq_getattr(3),  mq_notify(3),  mq_receive(3),  mq_send(3),
           mq_unlink(3), mq_overview(7)
    
    
    

    Linux 2009-02-20 MQ_OPEN(3)

    
    
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