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    Command:

    memalign

    
    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           #include <stdlib.h>
    
           int posix_memalign(void **memptr, size_t alignment, size_t size);
           void *aligned_alloc(size_t alignment, size_t size);
           void *valloc(size_t size);
    
           #include <malloc.h>
    
           void *memalign(size_t alignment, size_t size);
           void *pvalloc(size_t size);
    
       Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
    
           posix_memalign(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600
    
           aligned_alloc(): _ISOC11_SOURCE
    
           valloc():
               Since glibc 2.12:
                   _BSD_SOURCE ||
                       (_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
                           _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) &&
                       !(_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600)
               Before glibc 2.12:
                   _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
                   _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
                   (The (nonstandard) header file <malloc.h> also exposes the dec-
                   laration of valloc(); no feature test macros are required.)
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           The function posix_memalign()  allocates  size  bytes  and  places  the
           address  of  the allocated memory in *memptr.  The address of the allo-
           cated memory will be a multiple of alignment, which must be a power  of
           two  and  a  multiple  of sizeof(void *).  If size is 0, then the value
           placed in *memptr is either NULL, or a unique pointer  value  that  can
           later be successfully passed to free(3).
    
           The  obsolete  function  memalign()  allocates size bytes and returns a
           pointer to the allocated memory.  The memory address will be a multiple
           of alignment, which must be a power of two.
    
           The  function aligned_alloc() is the same as memalign(), except for the
           added restriction that size should be a multiple of alignment.
    
           The obsolete function valloc()  allocates  size  bytes  and  returns  a
           pointer to the allocated memory.  The memory address will be a multiple
           of the page  size.   It  is  equivalent  to  memalign(sysconf(_SC_PAGE-
           SIZE),size).
    
           The  obsolete function pvalloc() is similar to valloc(), but rounds the
                  tiple of sizeof(void *).
    
           ENOMEM There was insufficient memory to fulfill the allocation request.
    
    
    

    VERSIONS

           The functions memalign(), valloc(), and pvalloc() have  been  available
           in all Linux libc libraries.
    
           The function aligned_alloc() was added to glibc in version 2.16.
    
           The function posix_memalign() is available since glibc 2.1.91.
    
    
    

    CONFORMING TO

           The  function  valloc()  appeared in 3.0BSD.  It is documented as being
           obsolete in 4.3BSD, and as legacy in SUSv2.   It  does  not  appear  in
           POSIX.1-2001.
    
           The function pvalloc() is a GNU extension.
    
           The function memalign() appears in SunOS 4.1.3 but not in 4.4BSD.
    
           The function posix_memalign() comes from POSIX.1d.
    
           The function aligned_alloc() is specified in the C11 standard.
    
       Headers
           Everybody agrees that posix_memalign() is declared in <stdlib.h>.
    
           On  some  systems memalign() is declared in <stdlib.h> instead of <mal-
           loc.h>.
    
           According to SUSv2, valloc() is declared in  <stdlib.h>.   Libc4,5  and
           glibc declare it in <malloc.h>, and also in <stdlib.h> if suitable fea-
           ture test macros are defined (see above).
    
    
    

    NOTES

           On many systems there  are  alignment  restrictions,  for  example,  on
           buffers  used  for  direct block device I/O.  POSIX specifies the path-
           conf(path,_PC_REC_XFER_ALIGN) call that tells what alignment is needed.
           Now one can use posix_memalign() to satisfy this requirement.
    
           posix_memalign()  verifies  that  alignment  matches  the  requirements
           detailed above.  memalign() may not check that the  alignment  argument
           is correct.
    
           POSIX  requires that memory obtained from posix_memalign() can be freed
           using free(3).  Some systems provide no way to reclaim memory allocated
           with  memalign()  or  valloc()  (because one can pass to free(3) only a
           pointer obtained from malloc(3), while, for example,  memalign()  would
           call malloc(3) and then align the obtained value).  The glibc implemen-
           tation allows memory  obtained  from  any  of  these  functions  to  be
           reclaimed with free(3).
    
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