Toll Free Numbers
  • Last 5 Forum Topics
    Last post

The Web Only This Site



  • MARC

    Mailing list ARChives
    - Search by -


    Computing Dictionary

  • Text Link Ads
  • LINUX man pages
  • Linux Man Page Viewer

    The following form allows you to view linux man pages.





           /etc/gitweb.conf, /etc/gitweb-common.conf,


           The gitweb CGI script for viewing Git repositories over the web uses a
           perl script fragment as its configuration file. You can set variables
           using "our $variable = value"; text from a "#" character until the end
           of a line is ignored. See perlsyn(1) for details.
           An example:
               # gitweb configuration file for
               our $projectroot = "/srv/git"; # FHS recommendation
               our $site_name = ' >> Repos';
           The configuration file is used to override the default settings that
           were built into gitweb at the time the gitweb.cgi script was generated.
           While one could just alter the configuration settings in the gitweb CGI
           itself, those changes would be lost upon upgrade. Configuration
           settings might also be placed into a file in the same directory as the
           CGI script with the default name gitweb_config.perl -- allowing one to
           have multiple gitweb instances with different configurations by the use
           of symlinks.
           Note that some configuration can be controlled on per-repository rather
           than gitweb-wide basis: see "Per-repository gitweb configuration"
           subsection on gitweb(1) manpage.


           Gitweb reads configuration data from the following sources in the
           following order:
           ?   built-in values (some set during build stage),
           ?   common system-wide configuration file (defaults to
           ?   either per-instance configuration file (defaults to
               gitweb_config.perl in the same directory as the installed gitweb),
               or if it does not exists then fallback system-wide configuration
               file (defaults to /etc/gitweb.conf).
           Values obtained in later configuration files override values obtained
           earlier in the above sequence.
           Locations of the common system-wide configuration file, the fallback
           system-wide configuration file and the per-instance configuration file
           are defined at compile time using build-time Makefile configuration
           variables, respectively GITWEB_CONFIG_COMMON, GITWEB_CONFIG_SYSTEM and
           You can include other configuration file using read_config_file()
           subroutine. For example, one might want to put gitweb configuration
           related to access control for viewing repositories via Gitolite (one of
           git repository management tools) in a separate file, e.g. in
           /etc/gitweb-gitolite.conf. To include it, put
           somewhere in gitweb configuration file used, e.g. in per-installation
           gitweb configuration file. Note that read_config_file() checks itself
           that the file it reads exists, and does nothing if it is not found. It
           also handles errors in included file.
           The default configuration with no configuration file at all may work
           perfectly well for some installations. Still, a configuration file is
           useful for customizing or tweaking the behavior of gitweb in many ways,
           and some optional features will not be present unless explicitly
           enabled using the configurable %features variable (see also
           "Configuring gitweb features" section below).


           Some configuration variables have their default values (embedded in the
           CGI script) set during building gitweb -- if that is the case, this fact
           is put in their description. See gitweb's INSTALL file for instructions
           on building and installing gitweb.
       Location of repositories
           The configuration variables described below control how gitweb finds
           git repositories, and how repositories are displayed and accessed.
           See also "Repositories" and later subsections in gitweb(1) manpage.
               Absolute filesystem path which will be prepended to project path;
               the path to repository is $projectroot/$project. Set to
               $GITWEB_PROJECTROOT during installation. This variable has to be
               set correctly for gitweb to find repositories.
               For example, if $projectroot is set to "/srv/git" by putting the
               following in gitweb config file:
                   our $projectroot = "/srv/git";
               and its path_info based equivalent
               If $projects_list variable is unset, gitweb will recursively scan
               filesystem for git repositories. The $project_maxdepth is used to
               limit traversing depth, relative to $projectroot (starting point);
               it means that directories which are further from $projectroot than
               $project_maxdepth will be skipped.
               It is purely performance optimization, originally intended for
               MacOS X, where recursive directory traversal is slow. Gitweb
               follows symbolic links, but it detects cycles, ignoring any
               duplicate files and directories.
               The default value of this variable is determined by the build-time
               configuration variable GITWEB_PROJECT_MAXDEPTH, which defaults to
               Show repository only if this file exists (in repository). Only
               effective if this variable evaluates to true. Can be set when
               building gitweb by setting GITWEB_EXPORT_OK. This path is relative
               to GIT_DIR. git-daemon[1] uses git-daemon-export-ok, unless started
               with --export-all. By default this variable is not set, which means
               that this feature is turned off.
               Function used to determine which repositories should be shown. This
               subroutine should take one parameter, the full path to a project,
               and if it returns true, that project will be included in the
               projects list and can be accessed through gitweb as long as it
               fulfills the other requirements described by $export_ok,
               $projects_list, and $projects_maxdepth. Example:
                   our $export_auth_hook = sub { return -e "$_[0]/git-daemon-export-ok"; };
               though the above might be done by using $export_ok instead
                   our $export_ok = "git-daemon-export-ok";
               If not set (default), it means that this feature is disabled.
               See also more involved example in "Controlling access to git
               repositories" subsection on gitweb(1) manpage.
               Only allow viewing of repositories also shown on the overview page.
               This for example makes $gitweb_export_ok file decide if repository
               is available and not only if it is shown. If $gitweb_list points to
               file with list of project, only those repositories listed would be
               available for gitweb. Can be set during building gitweb via
               GITWEB_STRICT_EXPORT. By default this variable is not set, which
               absolute path to git binary. If you have multiple git versions
               installed it can be used to choose which one to use. Must be
               (correctly) set for gitweb to be able to work.
               File to use for (filename extension based) guessing of MIME types
               before trying /etc/mime.types.  NOTE that this path, if relative,
               is taken as relative to the current git repository, not to CGI
               script. If unset, only /etc/mime.types is used (if present on
               filesystem). If no mimetypes file is found, mimetype guessing based
               on extension of file is disabled. Unset by default.
               Path to the highlight executable to use (it must be the one from
      due to assumptions about parameters and
               output). By default set to highlight; set it to full path to
               highlight executable if it is not installed on your web server's
               PATH. Note that highlight feature must be set for gitweb to
               actually use syntax hightlighting.
               NOTE: if you want to add support for new file type (supported by
               "highlight" but not used by gitweb), you need to modify
               %highlight_ext or %highlight_basename, depending on whether you
               detect type of file based on extension (for example "sh") or on its
               basename (for example "Makefile"). The keys of these hashes are
               extension and basename, respectively, and value for given key is
               name of syntax to be passed via --syntax <syntax> to highlighter.
               For example if repositories you are hosting use "phtml" extension
               for PHP files, and you want to have correct syntax-highlighting for
               those files, you can add the following to gitweb configuration:
                   our %highlight_ext;
                   $highlight_ext{'phtml'} = 'php';
       Links and their targets
           The configuration variables described below configure some of gitweb
           links: their target and their look (text or image), and where to find
           page prerequisites (stylesheet, favicon, images, scripts). Usually they
           are left at their default values, with the possible exception of
           @stylesheets variable.
               List of URIs of stylesheets (relative to the base URI of a page).
               You might specify more than one stylesheet, for example to use
               "gitweb.css" as base with site specific modifications in a separate
               stylesheet to make it easier to upgrade gitweb. For example, you
               can add a site stylesheet by putting
                   push @stylesheets, "gitweb-site.css";
               Points to the location where you put git-logo.png on your web
               server, or to be more the generic URI of logo, 72x27 size). This
               image is displayed in the top right corner of each gitweb page and
               used as a logo for the Atom feed. Relative to the base URI of
               gitweb (as a path). Can be adjusted when building gitweb using
               GITWEB_LOGO variable By default set to static/git-logo.png.
               Points to the location where you put git-favicon.png on your web
               server, or to be more the generic URI of favicon, which will be
               served as "image/png" type. Web browsers that support favicons
               (website icons) may display them in the browser's URL bar and next
               to the site name in bookmarks. Relative to the base URI of gitweb.
               Can be adjusted at build time using GITWEB_FAVICON variable. By
               default set to static/git-favicon.png.
               Points to the location where you put gitweb.js on your web server,
               or to be more generic the URI of JavaScript code used by gitweb.
               Relative to the base URI of gitweb. Can be set at build time using
               the GITWEB_JS build-time configuration variable.
               The default value is either static/gitweb.js, or
               static/gitweb.min.js if the JSMIN build variable was defined, i.e.
               if JavaScript minifier was used at build time.  Note that this
               single file is generated from multiple individual JavaScript
               Target of the home link on the top of all pages (the first part of
               view "breadcrumbs"). By default it is set to the absolute URI of a
               current page (to the value of $my_uri variable, or to "/" if
               $my_uri is undefined or is an empty string).
               Label for the "home link" at the top of all pages, leading to
               $home_link (usually the main gitweb page, which contains the
               projects list). It is used as the first component of gitweb's
               "breadcrumb trail": <home link> / <project> / <action>. Can be set
               at build time using the GITWEB_HOME_LINK_STR variable. By default
               it is set to "projects", as this link leads to the list of
               projects. Other popular choice it to set it to the name of site.
           $logo_url, $logo_label
               URI and label (title) for the Git logo link (or your site logo, if
               you chose to use different logo image). By default, these both
               refer to git homepage,; in the past, they
               pointed to git documentation at
       Changing gitweb's look
           You can adjust how pages generated by gitweb look using the variables
           described below. You can change the site name, add common headers and
               HTML snippet to be included in the <head> section of each page. Can
               be set using GITWEB_SITE_HTML_HEAD_STRING at build time. No default
               Name of a file with HTML to be included at the top of each page.
               Relative to the directory containing the gitweb.cgi script. Can be
               set using GITWEB_SITE_HEADER at build time. No default value.
               Name of a file with HTML to be included at the bottom of each page.
               Relative to the directory containing the gitweb.cgi script. Can be
               set using GITWEB_SITE_FOOTER at build time. No default value.
               Name of a HTML file which, if it exists, is included on the gitweb
               projects overview page ("projects_list" view). Relative to the
               directory containing the gitweb.cgi script. Default value can be
               adjusted during build time using GITWEB_HOMETEXT variable. By
               default set to indextext.html.
               The width (in characters) of the "Description" column of the
               projects list. Longer descriptions will be truncated (trying to cut
               at word boundary); the full description is available in the title
               attribute (usually shown on mouseover). The default is 25, which
               might be too small if you use long project descriptions.
               Default value of ordering of projects on projects list page, which
               means the ordering used if you don't explicitly sort projects list
               (if there is no "o" CGI query parameter in the URL). Valid values
               are "none" (unsorted), "project" (projects are by project name,
               i.e. path to repository relative to $projectroot), "descr" (project
               description), "owner", and "age" (by date of most current commit).
               Default value is "project". Unknown value means unsorted.
       Changing gitweb's behavior
           These configuration variables control internal gitweb behavior.
               Default mimetype for the blob_plain (raw) view, if mimetype
               checking doesn't result in some other type; by default
               "text/plain". Gitweb guesses mimetype of a file to display based on
               extension of its filename, using $mimetypes_file (if set and file
               exists) and /etc/mime.types files (see mime.types(5) manpage; only
               filename extension rules are supported by gitweb).
               Default charset for text files. If this is not set, the web server
               Note that rename and especially copy detection can be quite
               CPU-intensive. Note also that non git tools can have problems with
               patches generated with options mentioned above, especially when
               they involve file copies ('-C') or criss-cross renames ('-B').
       Some optional features and policies
           Most of features are configured via %feature hash; however some of
           extra gitweb features can be turned on and configured using variables
           described below. This list beside configuration variables that control
           how gitweb looks does contain variables configuring administrative side
           of gitweb (e.g. cross-site scripting prevention; admittedly this as
           side effect affects how "summary" pages look like, or load limiting).
               List of git base URLs. These URLs are used to generate URLs
               describing from where to fetch a project, which are shown on
               project summary page. The full fetch URL is
               "$git_base_url/$project", for each element of this list. You can
               set up multiple base URLs (for example one for git:// protocol, and
               one for http:// protocol).
               Note that per repository configuration can be set in
               $GIT_DIR/cloneurl file, or as values of multi-value gitweb.url
               configuration variable in project config. Per-repository
               configuration takes precedence over value composed from
               @git_base_url_list elements and project name.
               You can setup one single value (single entry/item in this list) at
               build time by setting the GITWEB_BASE_URL built-time configuration
               variable. By default it is set to (), i.e. an empty list. This
               means that gitweb would not try to create project URL (to fetch)
               from project name.
               Whether to enables the grouping of projects by category on the
               project list page. The category of a project is determined by the
               $GIT_DIR/category file or the gitweb.category variable in each
               repository's configuration. Disabled by default (set to 0).
               Default category for projects for which none is specified. If this
               is set to the empty string, such projects will remain uncategorized
               and listed at the top, above categorized projects. Used only if
               project categories are enabled, which means if
               $projects_list_group_categories is true. By default set to ""
               (empty string).
               If true, some gitweb features are disabled to prevent content in
               repositories from launching cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks. Set
               this to true if you don't trust the content of your repositories.
               If this is set to code reference, it will be run once for each
               request. You can set parts of configuration that change per session
               this way. For example, one might use the following code in a gitweb
               configuration file
                   our $per_request_config = sub {
                           $ENV{GL_USER} = $cgi->remote_user || "gitweb";
               If $per_request_config is not a code reference, it is interpreted
               as boolean value. If it is true gitweb will process config files
               once per request, and if it is false gitweb will process config
               files only once, each time it is executed. True by default (set to
               NOTE: $my_url, $my_uri, and $base_url are overwritten with their
               default values before every request, so if you want to change them,
               be sure to set this variable to true or a code reference effecting
               the desired changes.
               This variable matters only when using persistent web environments
               that serve multiple requests using single gitweb instance, like
               mod_perl, FastCGI or Plackup.
       Other variables
           Usually you should not need to change (adjust) any of configuration
           variables described below; they should be automatically set by gitweb
           to correct value.
               Gitweb version, set automatically when creating gitweb.cgi from
               gitweb.perl. You might want to modify it if you are running
               modified gitweb, for example
                   our $version .= " with caching";
               if you run modified version of gitweb with caching support. This
               variable is purely informational, used e.g. in the "generator" meta
               header in HTML header.
           $my_url, $my_uri
               Full URL and absolute URL of the gitweb script; in earlier versions
               of gitweb you might have need to set those variables, but now there
               should be no need to do it. See $per_request_config if you need to
               set them still.
               Base URL for relative URLs in pages generated by gitweb, (e.g.
               $logo, $favicon, @stylesheets if they are relative URLs), needed
               and used <base href="$base_url"> only for URLs with nonempty
               PATH_INFO. Usually gitweb sets its value correctly, and there is no
           Some features cannot be overridden per project. For those features the
           structure of appropriate %feature hash element has a simpler form:
               "<feature_name>" => {
                       "override" => 0,
                       "default" => [ <options>... ]
           As one can see it lacks the 'sub' element.
           The meaning of each part of feature configuration is described below:
               List (array reference) of feature parameters (if there are any),
               used also to toggle (enable or disable) given feature.
               Note that it is currently always an array reference, even if
               feature doesn't accept any configuration parameters, and 'default'
               is used only to turn it on or off. In such case you turn feature on
               by setting this element to [1], and torn it off by setting it to
               [0]. See also the passage about the "blame" feature in the
               "Examples" section.
               To disable features that accept parameters (are configurable), you
               need to set this element to empty list i.e.  [].
               If this field has a true value then the given feature is
               overriddable, which means that it can be configured (or
               enabled/disabled) on a per-repository basis.
               Usually given "<feature>" is configurable via the gitweb.<feature>
               config variable in the per-repository git configuration file.
               Note that no feature is overriddable by default.
               Internal detail of implementation. What is important is that if
               this field is not present then per-repository override for given
               feature is not supported.
               You wouldn't need to ever change it in gitweb config file.
       Features in %feature
           The gitweb features that are configurable via %feature hash are listed
           below. This should be a complete list, but ultimately the authoritative
           and complete list is in gitweb.cgi source code, with features described
           in the comments.
               The value of 'default' is a list of names of snapshot formats,
               defined in %known_snapshot_formats hash, that you wish to offer.
               Supported formats include "tgz", "tbz2", "txz" (gzip/bzip2/xz
               compressed tar archive) and "zip"; please consult gitweb sources
               for a definitive list. By default only "tgz" is offered.
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
               repository's gitweb.blame configuration variable, which contains a
               comma separated list of formats or "none" to disable snapshots.
               Unknown values are ignored.
               Enable grep search, which lists the files in currently selected
               tree (directory) containing the given string; see git-grep(1). This
               can be potentially CPU-intensive, of course. Enabled by default.
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
               repository's gitweb.grep configuration variable (boolean).
               Enable the so called pickaxe search, which will list the commits
               that introduced or removed a given string in a file. This can be
               practical and quite faster alternative to "blame" action, but it is
               still potentially CPU-intensive. Enabled by default.
               The pickaxe search is described in git-log(1) (the description of
               -S<string> option, which refers to pickaxe entry in gitdiffcore(7)
               for more details).
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis by setting
               repository's gitweb.pickaxe configuration variable (boolean).
               Enable showing size of blobs (ordinary files) in a "tree" view, in
               a separate column, similar to what ls -l does; see description of
               -l option in git-ls-tree(1) manpage. This costs a bit of I/O.
               Enabled by default.
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
               repository's gitweb.showsizes configuration variable (boolean).
               Enable and configure "patches" view, which displays list of commits
               in email (plain text) output format; see also git-format-patch(1).
               The value is the maximum number of patches in a patchset generated
               in "patches" view. Set the default field to a list containing
               single item of or to an empty list to disable patch view, or to a
               list containing a single negative number to remove any limit.
               Default value is 16.
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
               repository's gitweb.avatar configuration variable.
               See also %avatar_size with pixel sizes for icons and avatars
               ("default" is used for one-line like "log" and "shortlog", "double"
               is used for two-line like "commit", "commitdiff" or "tag"). If the
               default font sizes or lineheights are changed (e.g. via adding
               extra CSS stylesheet in @stylesheets), it may be appropriate to
               change these values.
               Server-side syntax highlight support in "blob" view. It requires
               $highlight_bin program to be available (see the description of this
               variable in the "Configuration variables" section above), and
               therefore is disabled by default.
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
               repository's gitweb.highlight configuration variable (boolean).
               Enable displaying remote heads (remote-tracking branches) in the
               "heads" list. In most cases the list of remote-tracking branches is
               an unnecessary internal private detail, and this feature is
               therefore disabled by default.  git-instaweb(1), which is usually
               used to browse local repositories, enables and uses this feature.
               This feature can be configured on a per-repository basis via
               repository's gitweb.remote_heads configuration variable (boolean).
           The remaining features cannot be overridden on a per project basis.
               Enable text search, which will list the commits which match author,
               committer or commit text to a given string; see the description of
               --author, --committer and --grep options in git-log(1) manpage.
               Enabled by default.
               Project specific override is not supported.
               If this feature is enabled, gitweb considers projects in
               subdirectories of project root (basename) to be forks of existing
               projects. For each project '$projname.git', projects in the
               $projname/ directory and its subdirectories will not be shown in
               the main projects list. Instead, a '+' mark is shown next to
               $projname, which links to a "forks" view that lists all the forks
               (all projects in $projname/ subdirectory). Additionally a "forks"
               view for a project is linked from project summary page.
               If the project list is taken from a file ($projects_list points to
               a file), forks are only recognized if they are listed after the
               main project in that file.
               For example, at the time this page was written, the
      git hosting site set it to the following to
               enable graphical log (using the third party tool git-browser):
                   $feature{'actions'}{'default'} =
                           [ ('graphiclog', '/git-browser/by-commit.html?r=%n', 'summary')];
               This adds a link titled "graphiclog" after the "summary" link,
               leading to git-browser script, passing r=<project> as a query
               Project specific override is not supported.
               Enable displaying how much time and how many git commands it took
               to generate and display each page in the page footer (at the bottom
               of page). For example the footer might contain: "This page took
               6.53325 seconds and 13 git commands to generate." Disabled by
               Project specific override is not supported.
               Enable and configure the ability to change a common timezone for
               dates in gitweb output via JavaScript. Dates in gitweb output
               include authordate and committerdate in "commit", "commitdiff" and
               "log" views, and taggerdate in "tag" view. Enabled by default.
               The value is a list of three values: a default timezone (for if the
               client hasn't selected some other timezone and saved it in a
               cookie), a name of cookie where to store selected timezone, and a
               CSS class used to mark up dates for manipulation. If you want to
               turn this feature off, set "default" to empty list: [].
               Typical gitweb config files will only change starting (default)
               timezone, and leave other elements at their default values:
                   $feature{'javascript-timezone'}{'default'}[0] = "utc";
               The example configuration presented here is guaranteed to be
               backwards and forward compatible.
               Timezone values can be "local" (for local timezone that browser
               uses), "utc" (what gitweb uses when JavaScript or this feature is
               disabled), or numerical timezones in the form of "+/-HHMM", such as
               Project specific override is not supported.


           To enable blame, pickaxe search, and snapshot support (allowing
           "tar.gz" and "zip" snapshots), while allowing individual projects to
           instance, you can disable Zip compressed snapshots and set gzip(1) to
           run at level 6 by adding the following lines to your gitweb
           configuration file:
               $known_snapshot_formats{'zip'}{'disabled'} = 1;
               $known_snapshot_formats{'tgz'}{'compressor'} = ['gzip','-6'];


           The location of per-instance and system-wide configuration files can be
           overridden using the following environment variables:
               Sets location of per-instance configuration file.
               Sets location of fallback system-wide configuration file. This file
               is read only if per-instance one does not exist.
               Sets location of common system-wide configuration file.


               This is default name of per-instance configuration file. The format
               of this file is described above.
               This is default name of fallback system-wide configuration file.
               This file is used only if per-instance configuration variable is
               not found.
               This is default name of common system-wide configuration file.


           gitweb(1), git-instaweb(1)
           gitweb/README, gitweb/INSTALL


           Part of the git(1) suite

    Git 04/11/2012 GITWEB.CONF(5)


  • Linux

    The Distributions


    The Software


    The News


  • Toll Free

Toll Free Numbers
Copyright © 1999 - 2016 by LinuxGuruz