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           $GIT_DIR/info/exclude, .gitignore


           A gitignore file specifies intentionally untracked files that git
           should ignore. Note that all the gitignore files really concern only
           files that are not already tracked by git; in order to ignore
           uncommitted changes in already tracked files, please refer to the git
           update-index --assume-unchanged documentation.
           Each line in a gitignore file specifies a pattern. When deciding
           whether to ignore a path, git normally checks gitignore patterns from
           multiple sources, with the following order of precedence, from highest
           to lowest (within one level of precedence, the last matching pattern
           decides the outcome):
           ?   Patterns read from the command line for those commands that support
           ?   Patterns read from a .gitignore file in the same directory as the
               path, or in any parent directory, with patterns in the higher level
               files (up to the toplevel of the work tree) being overridden by
               those in lower level files down to the directory containing the
               file. These patterns match relative to the location of the
               .gitignore file. A project normally includes such .gitignore files
               in its repository, containing patterns for files generated as part
               of the project build.
           ?   Patterns read from $GIT_DIR/info/exclude.
           ?   Patterns read from the file specified by the configuration variable
           Which file to place a pattern in depends on how the pattern is meant to
           be used. Patterns which should be version-controlled and distributed to
           other repositories via clone (i.e., files that all developers will want
           to ignore) should go into a .gitignore file. Patterns which are
           specific to a particular repository but which do not need to be shared
           with other related repositories (e.g., auxiliary files that live inside
           the repository but are specific to one user's workflow) should go into
           the $GIT_DIR/info/exclude file. Patterns which a user wants git to
           ignore in all situations (e.g., backup or temporary files generated by
           the user's editor of choice) generally go into a file specified by
           core.excludesfile in the user's ~/.gitconfig.
           The underlying git plumbing tools, such as git ls-files and git
           read-tree, read gitignore patterns specified by command-line options,
           or from files specified by command-line options. Higher-level git
           tools, such as git status and git add, use patterns from the sources
           specified above.
           Patterns have the following format:
               paths underneath it, but will not match a regular file or a
               symbolic link foo (this is consistent with the way how pathspec
               works in general in git).
           ?   If the pattern does not contain a slash /, git treats it as a shell
               glob pattern and checks for a match against the pathname without
               leading directories.
           ?   Otherwise, git treats the pattern as a shell glob suitable for
               consumption by fnmatch(3) with the FNM_PATHNAME flag: wildcards in
               the pattern will not match a / in the pathname. For example,
               "Documentation/*.html" matches "Documentation/git.html" but not
               "Documentation/ppc/ppc.html". A leading slash matches the beginning
               of the pathname; for example, "/*.c" matches "cat-file.c" but not
           An example:
                   $ git status
                   # Untracked files:
                   #       Documentation/foo.html
                   #       Documentation/gitignore.html
                   #       file.o
                   #       lib.a
                   #       src/internal.o
                   $ cat .git/info/exclude
                   # ignore objects and archives, anywhere in the tree.
                   $ cat Documentation/.gitignore
                   # ignore generated html files,
                   # except foo.html which is maintained by hand
                   $ git status
                   # Untracked files:
                   #       Documentation/foo.html
           Another example:
                   $ cat .gitignore
                   $ ls arch/foo/kernel/vm*
                   $ echo ?!/vmlinux*? >arch/foo/kernel/.gitignore

    Git 1.7.1 03/04/2013 GITIGNORE(5)


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