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           git cvsimport *


           Git differs from CVS in that every working tree contains a repository
           with a full copy of the project history, and no repository is
           inherently more important than any other. However, you can emulate the
           CVS model by designating a single shared repository which people can
           synchronize with; this document explains how to do that.
           Some basic familiarity with git is required. Having gone through
           gittutorial(7) and gitglossary(7) should be sufficient.


           Suppose a shared repository is set up in /pub/repo.git on the host
  Then as an individual committer you can clone the shared
           repository over ssh with:
               $ git clone my-project
               $ cd my-project
           and hack away. The equivalent of cvs update is
               $ git pull origin
           which merges in any work that others might have done since the clone
           operation. If there are uncommitted changes in your working tree,
           commit them first before running git pull.
               The pull command knows where to get updates from because of certain
               configuration variables that were set by the first git clone
               command; see git config -l and the git-config(1) man page for
           You can update the shared repository with your changes by first
           committing your changes, and then using the git push command:
               $ git push origin master
           to "push" those commits to the shared repository. If someone else has
           updated the repository more recently, git push, like cvs commit, will
           complain, in which case you must pull any changes before attempting the
           push again.
           In the git push command above we specify the name of the remote branch
           to update (master). If we leave that out, git push tries to update any
           branches in the remote repository that have the same name as a branch
           in the local repository. So the last push can be done with either of:
           Assume your existing repo is at /home/alice/myproject. Create a new
           "bare" repository (a repository without a working tree) and fetch your
           project into it:
               $ mkdir /pub/my-repo.git
               $ cd /pub/my-repo.git
               $ git --bare init --shared
               $ git --bare fetch /home/alice/myproject master:master
           Next, give every team member read/write access to this repository. One
           easy way to do this is to give all the team members ssh access to the
           machine where the repository is hosted. If you don't want to give them
           a full shell on the machine, there is a restricted shell which only
           allows users to do git pushes and pulls; see git-shell(1).
           Put all the committers in the same group, and make the repository
           writable by that group:
               $ chgrp -R $group /pub/my-repo.git
           Make sure committers have a umask of at most 027, so that the
           directories they create are writable and searchable by other group


           First, install version 2.1 or higher of cvsps from
  and make sure it is in your path. Then cd
           to a checked out CVS working directory of the project you are
           interested in and run git-cvsimport(1):
               $ git cvsimport -C <destination> <module>
           This puts a git archive of the named CVS module in the directory
           <destination>, which will be created if necessary.
           The import checks out from CVS every revision of every file. Reportedly
           cvsimport can average some twenty revisions per second, so for a
           medium-sized project this should not take more than a couple of
           minutes. Larger projects or remote repositories may take longer.
           The main trunk is stored in the git branch named origin, and additional
           CVS branches are stored in git branches with the same names. The most
           recent version of the main trunk is also left checked out on the master
           branch, so you can start adding your own changes right away.
           The import is incremental, so if you call it again next month it will
           fetch any CVS updates that have been made in the meantime. For this to
           work, you must not modify the imported branches; instead, create new
           branches for your own changes, and merge in the imported branches as


           It is also possible to provide true CVS access to a git repository, so
           that developers can still use CVS; see git-cvsserver(1) for details.


           CVS users are accustomed to giving a group of developers commit access
           to a common repository. As we've seen, this is also possible with git.
           However, the distributed nature of git allows other development models,
           and you may want to first consider whether one of them might be a
           better fit for your project.
           For example, you can choose a single person to maintain the project's
           primary public repository. Other developers then clone this repository
           and each work in their own clone. When they have a series of changes
           that they're happy with, they ask the maintainer to pull from the
           branch containing the changes. The maintainer reviews their changes and
           pulls them into the primary repository, which other developers pull
           from as necessary to stay coordinated. The Linux kernel and other
           projects use variants of this model.
           With a small group, developers may just pull changes from each other's
           repositories without the need for a central maintainer.


           gittutorial(7), gittutorial-2(7), gitcore-tutorial(7), gitglossary(7),
           Everyday Git[2], The Git User's Manual[3]


           Part of the git(1) suite.


            1. Controlling access to branches using update hooks
            2. Everyday Git
            3. The Git User's Manual

    Git 1.7.1 03/04/2013 GITCVS-MIGRATION(7)


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