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           export CVS_SERVER="git cvsserver"
           cvs -d :ext:user@server/path/repo.git co <HEAD_name>
           pserver (/etc/inetd.conf):
           cvspserver stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git-cvsserver git-cvsserver pserver
           git-cvsserver [options] [pserver|server] [<directory> ...]


           All these options obviously only make sense if enforced by the server
           side. They have been implemented to resemble the git-daemon(1) options
           as closely as possible.
           --base-path <path>
               Prepend path to requested CVSROOT
               Don't allow recursing into subdirectories
               Don't check for gitcvs.enabled in config. You also have to specify
               a list of allowed directories (see below) if you want to use this
           -V, --version
               Print version information and exit
           -h, -H, --help
               Print usage information and exit
               You can specify a list of allowed directories. If no directories
               are given, all are allowed. This is an additional restriction,
               gitcvs access still needs to be enabled by the gitcvs.enabled
               config option unless --export-all was given, too.


           This application is a CVS emulation layer for git.
           It is highly functional. However, not all methods are implemented, and
           for those methods that are implemented, not all switches are
                      cvspserver stream tcp nowait nobody git-cvsserver pserver
               Note: Some inetd servers let you specify the name of the executable
               independently of the value of argv[0] (i.e. the name the program
               assumes it was executed with). In this case the correct line in
               /etc/inetd.conf looks like
                      cvspserver stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git-cvsserver git-cvsserver pserver
               Only anonymous access is provided by pserve by default. To commit
               you will have to create pserver accounts, simply add a
               gitcvs.authdb setting in the config file of the repositories you
               want the cvsserver to allow writes to, for example:
                           authdb = /etc/cvsserver/passwd
               The format of these files is username followed by the crypted
               password, for example:
               You can use the htpasswd facility that comes with Apache to make
               these files, but Apache's MD5 crypt method differs from the one
               used by most C library's crypt() function, so don't use the -m
               Alternatively you can produce the password with perl's crypt()
                      perl -e 'my ($user, $pass) = @ARGV; printf "%s:%s\n", $user, crypt($user, $pass)' $USER password
               Then provide your password via the pserver method, for example:
                      cvs -d:pserver:someuser:somepassword <at> server/path/repo.git co <HEAD_name>
               No special setup is needed for SSH access, other than having GIT
               tools in the PATH. If you have clients that do not accept the
               CVS_SERVER environment variable, you can rename git-cvsserver to
               Note: Newer CVS versions (>= 1.12.11) also support specifying
               CVS_SERVER directly in CVSROOT like
                   cvs -d ":ext;CVS_SERVER=git cvsserver:user@server/path/repo.git" co <HEAD_name>
               This has the advantage that it will be saved in your CVS/Root files
               and you don't need to worry about always setting the correct
               environment variable. SSH users restricted to git-shell don't need
               to override the default with CVS_SERVER (and shouldn't) as
               git-shell understands cvs to mean git-cvsserver and pretends that
               You also need to ensure that each repository is "bare" (without a
               git index file) for cvs commit to work. See gitcvs-migration(7).
               All configuration variables can also be overridden for a specific
               method of access. Valid method names are "ext" (for SSH access) and
               "pserver". The following example configuration would disable
               pserver access while still allowing access over SSH.
                      [gitcvs "ext"]
            3. If you didn't specify the CVSROOT/CVS_SERVER directly in the
               checkout command, automatically saving it in your CVS/Root files,
               then you need to set them explicitly in your environment. CVSROOT
               should be set as per normal, but the directory should point at the
               appropriate git repo. As above, for SSH clients not restricted to
               git-shell, CVS_SERVER should be set to git-cvsserver.
                        export CVSROOT=:ext:user@server:/var/git/project.git
                        export CVS_SERVER="git cvsserver"
            4. For SSH clients that will make commits, make sure their server-side
               .ssh/environment files (or .bashrc, etc., according to their
               specific shell) export appropriate values for GIT_AUTHOR_NAME,
               SSH clients whose login shell is bash, .bashrc may be a reasonable
            5. Clients should now be able to check out the project. Use the CVS
               module name to indicate what GIT head you want to check out. This
               also sets the name of your newly checked-out directory, unless you
               tell it otherwise with -d <dir_name>. For example, this checks out
               master branch to the project-master directory:
                        cvs co -d project-master master


           git-cvsserver uses one database per git head (i.e. CVS module) to store
           information about the repository to maintain consistent CVS revision
           numbers. The database needs to be updated (i.e. written to) after every
           If the commit is done directly by using git (as opposed to using
           git-cvsserver) the update will need to happen on the next repository
           The database can not be reliably regenerated in a consistent form after
           the branch it is tracking has changed. Example: For merged branches,
           git-cvsserver only tracks one branch of development, and after a git
           merge an incrementally updated database may track a different branch
           than a database regenerated from scratch, causing inconsistent CVS
           revision numbers. git-cvsserver has no way of knowing which branch it
           would have picked if it had been run incrementally pre-merge. So if you
           have to fully or partially (from old backup) regenerate the database,
           you should be suspicious of pre-existing CVS sandboxes.
           You can configure the database backend with the following configuration
       Configuring database backend
           git-cvsserver uses the Perl DBI module. Please also read its
           documentation if changing these variables, especially about
               Database name. The exact meaning depends on the selected database
               driver, for SQLite this is a filename. Supports variable
               substitution (see below). May not contain semicolons (;). Default:
               Used DBI driver. You can specify any available driver for this
               here, but it might not work. cvsserver is tested with DBD::SQLite,
               reported to work with DBD::Pg, and reported not to work with
               DBD::mysql. Please regard this as an experimental feature. May not
               contain colons (:). Default: SQLite
               Database user. Only useful if setting dbdriver, since SQLite has no
               concept of database users. Supports variable substitution (see
               Database password. Only useful if setting dbdriver, since SQLite
               has no concept of database passwords.
               Database table name prefix. Supports variable substitution (see
               below). Any non-alphabetic characters will be replaced with
           All variables can also be set per access method, see above.
           Variable substitution
               In dbdriver and dbuser you can use the following variables:
                   Name of the user running git-cvsserver. If no name can be
                   determined, the numeric uid is used.


           These variables obviate the need for command-line options in some
           circumstances, allowing easier restricted usage through git-shell.
           GIT_CVSSERVER_BASE_PATH takes the place of the argument to --base-path.
           GIT_CVSSERVER_ROOT specifies a single-directory whitelist. The
           repository must still be configured to allow access through
           git-cvsserver, as described above.
           When these environment variables are set, the corresponding
           command-line arguments may not be used.


           To get a checkout with the Eclipse CVS client:
            1. Select "Create a new project -> From CVS checkout"
            2. Create a new location. See the notes below for details on how to
               choose the right protocol.
            3. Browse the modules available. It will give you a list of the heads
               in the repository. You will not be able to browse the tree from
               there. Only the heads.
            4. Pick HEAD when it asks what branch/tag to check out. Untick the
               "launch commit wizard" to avoid committing the .project file.
           Protocol notes: If you are using anonymous access via pserver, just
           select that. Those using SSH access should choose the ext protocol, and
           configure ext access on the Preferences->Team->CVS->ExtConnection pane.
           Set CVS_SERVER to "git cvsserver". Note that password support is not
           good when using ext, you will definitely want to have SSH keys setup.
           Alternatively, you can just use the non-standard extssh protocol that
           Eclipse offer. In that case CVS_SERVER is ignored, and you will have to
           replace the cvs utility on the server with git-cvsserver or manipulate
           your .bashrc so that calling cvs effectively calls git-cvsserver.


           ?   CVS 1.12.9 on Debian
           ?   CVS 1.11.17 on MacOSX (from Fink package)
           ?   Eclipse 3.0, 3.1.2 on MacOSX (see Eclipse CVS Client Notes)
           ?   TortoiseCVS
           variable. See gitattributes(5) for more information about end-of-line
           Alternatively, if gitcvs.usecrlfattr config is not enabled or the
           attributes do not allow automatic detection for a filename, then the
           server uses the gitcvs.allbinary config for the default setting. If
           gitcvs.allbinary is set, then file not otherwise specified will default
           to -kb mode. Otherwise the -k mode is left blank. But if
           gitcvs.allbinary is set to "guess", then the correct -k mode will be
           guessed based on the contents of the file.
           For best consistency with cvs, it is probably best to override the
           defaults by setting gitcvs.usecrlfattr to true, and gitcvs.allbinary to


           git-cvsserver depends on DBD::SQLite.


           Part of the git(1) suite

    Git 04/11/2012 GIT-CVSSERVER(1)


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