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           git commit [-a | --interactive] [-s] [-v] [-u<mode>] [--amend] [--dry-run]
                      [(-c | -C) <commit>] [-F <file> | -m <msg>] [--reset-author]
                      [--allow-empty] [--no-verify] [-e] [--author=<author>]
                      [--date=<date>] [--cleanup=<mode>] [--status | --no-status] [--]
                      [[-i | -o ]<file>...]


           Stores the current contents of the index in a new commit along with a
           log message from the user describing the changes.
           The content to be added can be specified in several ways:
            1. by using git add to incrementally "add" changes to the index before
               using the commit command (Note: even modified files must be
            2. by using git rm to remove files from the working tree and the
               index, again before using the commit command;
            3. by listing files as arguments to the commit command, in which case
               the commit will ignore changes staged in the index, and instead
               record the current content of the listed files (which must already
               be known to git);
            4. by using the -a switch with the commit command to automatically
               "add" changes from all known files (i.e. all files that are already
               listed in the index) and to automatically "rm" files in the index
               that have been removed from the working tree, and then perform the
               actual commit;
            5. by using the --interactive switch with the commit command to decide
               one by one which files should be part of the commit, before
               finalizing the operation. Currently, this is done by invoking git
               add --interactive.
           The --dry-run option can be used to obtain a summary of what is
           included by any of the above for the next commit by giving the same set
           of parameters (options and paths).
           If you make a commit and then find a mistake immediately after that,
           you can recover from it with git reset.


           -a, --all
               Tell the command to automatically stage files that have been
               modified and deleted, but new files you have not told git about are
               not affected.
           -C <commit>, --reuse-message=<commit>
               Take an existing commit object, and reuse the log message and the
               status(1) for details. Implies --dry-run.
               When doing a dry-run, give the output in a porcelain-ready format.
               See git-status(1) for details. Implies --dry-run.
               When showing short or porcelain status output, terminate entries in
               the status output with NUL, instead of LF. If no format is given,
               implies the --porcelain output format.
           -F <file>, --file=<file>
               Take the commit message from the given file. Use - to read the
               message from the standard input.
               Override the author name used in the commit. You can use the
               standard A U Thor <[1]> format. Otherwise, an
               existing commit that matches the given string and its author name
               is used.
               Override the author date used in the commit.
           -m <msg>, --message=<msg>
               Use the given <msg> as the commit message.
           -t <file>, --template=<file>
               Use the contents of the given file as the initial version of the
               commit message. The editor is invoked and you can make subsequent
               changes. If a message is specified using the -m or -F options, this
               option has no effect. This overrides the commit.template
               configuration variable.
           -s, --signoff
               Add Signed-off-by line by the committer at the end of the commit
               log message.
           -n, --no-verify
               This option bypasses the pre-commit and commit-msg hooks. See also
               Usually recording a commit that has the exact same tree as its sole
               parent commit is a mistake, and the command prevents you from
               making such a commit. This option bypasses the safety, and is
               primarily for use by foreign scm interface scripts.
               This option sets how the commit message is cleaned up. The <mode>
               can be one of verbatim, whitespace, strip, and default. The default
               mode will strip leading and trailing empty lines and #commentary
               includes the usual -i/-o and explicit paths), and the commit log
               editor is seeded with the commit message from the tip of the
               current branch. The commit you create replaces the current tip -- if
               it was a merge, it will have the parents of the current tip as
               parents -- so the current top commit is discarded.
               It is a rough equivalent for:
                           $ git reset --soft HEAD^
                           $ ... do something else to come up with the right tree ...
                           $ git commit -c ORIG_HEAD
               but can be used to amend a merge commit.
               You should understand the implications of rewriting history if you
               amend a commit that has already been published. (See the
               "RECOVERING FROM UPSTREAM REBASE" section in git-rebase(1).)
           -i, --include
               Before making a commit out of staged contents so far, stage the
               contents of paths given on the command line as well. This is
               usually not what you want unless you are concluding a conflicted
           -o, --only
               Make a commit only from the paths specified on the command line,
               disregarding any contents that have been staged so far. This is the
               default mode of operation of git commit if any paths are given on
               the command line, in which case this option can be omitted. If this
               option is specified together with --amend, then no paths need to be
               specified, which can be used to amend the last commit without
               committing changes that have already been staged.
           -u[<mode>], --untracked-files[=<mode>]
               Show untracked files (Default: all).
               The mode parameter is optional, and is used to specify the handling
               of untracked files.
               The possible options are:
               ?    no - Show no untracked files
               ?    normal - Shows untracked files and directories
               ?    all - Also shows individual files in untracked directories.
                   See git-config(1) for configuration variable used to change the
                   default for when the option is not specified.
           -v, --verbose
               Show unified diff between the HEAD commit and what would be
               but can be used to override configuration variable commit.status.
               Do not include the output of git-status(1) in the commit message
               template when using an editor to prepare the default commit
               Do not interpret any more arguments as options.
               When files are given on the command line, the command commits the
               contents of the named files, without recording the changes already
               staged. The contents of these files are also staged for the next
               commit on top of what have been staged before.


           The GIT_AUTHOR_DATE, GIT_COMMITTER_DATE environment variables and the
           --date option support the following date formats:
           Git internal format
               It is <unix timestamp> <timezone offset>, where <unix timestamp> is
               the number of seconds since the UNIX epoch.  <timezone offset> is a
               positive or negative offset from UTC. For example CET (which is 2
               hours ahead UTC) is +0200.
           RFC 2822
               The standard email format as described by RFC 2822, for example
               Thu, 07 Apr 2005 22:13:13 +0200.
           ISO 8601
               Time and date specified by the ISO 8601 standard, for example
               2005-04-07T22:13:13. The parser accepts a space instead of the T
               character as well.
                   In addition, the date part is accepted in the following
                   formats: YYYY.MM.DD, MM/DD/YYYY and DD.MM.YYYY.


           When recording your own work, the contents of modified files in your
           working tree are temporarily stored to a staging area called the
           "index" with git add. A file can be reverted back, only in the index
           but not in the working tree, to that of the last commit with git reset
           HEAD -- <file>, which effectively reverts git add and prevents the
           changes to this file from participating in the next commit. After
           building the state to be committed incrementally with these commands,
           git commit (without any pathname parameter) is used to record what has
           been staged so far. This is the most basic form of the command. An
               $ edit hello.c
           The command git commit -a first looks at your working tree, notices
           that you have modified hello.c and removed goodbye.c, and performs
           necessary git add and git rm for you.
           After staging changes to many files, you can alter the order the
           changes are recorded in, by giving pathnames to git commit. When
           pathnames are given, the command makes a commit that only records the
           changes made to the named paths:
               $ edit hello.c hello.h
               $ git add hello.c hello.h
               $ edit Makefile
               $ git commit Makefile
           This makes a commit that records the modification to Makefile. The
           changes staged for hello.c and hello.h are not included in the
           resulting commit. However, their changes are not lost -- they are still
           staged and merely held back. After the above sequence, if you do:
               $ git commit
           this second commit would record the changes to hello.c and hello.h as
           After a merge (initiated by git merge or git pull) stops because of
           conflicts, cleanly merged paths are already staged to be committed for
           you, and paths that conflicted are left in unmerged state. You would
           have to first check which paths are conflicting with git status and
           after fixing them manually in your working tree, you would stage the
           result as usual with git add:
               $ git status | grep unmerged
               unmerged: hello.c
               $ edit hello.c
               $ git add hello.c
           After resolving conflicts and staging the result, git ls-files -u would
           stop mentioning the conflicted path. When you are done, run git commit
           to finally record the merge:
               $ git commit
           As with the case to record your own changes, you can use -a option to
           save typing. One difference is that during a merge resolution, you
           cannot use git commit with pathnames to alter the order the changes are
           committed, because the merge should be recorded as a single commit. In
               readdir(2) returns are what are recorded and compared with the data
               git keeps track of, which in turn are expected to be what lstat(2)
               and creat(2) accepts. There is no such thing as pathname encoding
           ?   The contents of the blob objects are uninterpreted sequences of
               bytes. There is no encoding translation at the core level.
           ?   The commit log messages are uninterpreted sequences of non-NUL
           Although we encourage that the commit log messages are encoded in
           UTF-8, both the core and git Porcelain are designed not to force UTF-8
           on projects. If all participants of a particular project find it more
           convenient to use legacy encodings, git does not forbid it. However,
           there are a few things to keep in mind.
            1.  git commit and git commit-tree issues a warning if the commit log
               message given to it does not look like a valid UTF-8 string, unless
               you explicitly say your project uses a legacy encoding. The way to
               say this is to have i18n.commitencoding in .git/config file, like
                           commitencoding = ISO-8859-1
               Commit objects created with the above setting record the value of
               i18n.commitencoding in its encoding header. This is to help other
               people who look at them later. Lack of this header implies that the
               commit log message is encoded in UTF-8.
            2.  git log, git show, git blame and friends look at the encoding
               header of a commit object, and try to re-code the log message into
               UTF-8 unless otherwise specified. You can specify the desired
               output encoding with i18n.logoutputencoding in .git/config file,
               like this:
                           logoutputencoding = ISO-8859-1
               If you do not have this configuration variable, the value of
               i18n.commitencoding is used instead.
           Note that we deliberately chose not to re-code the commit log message
           when a commit is made to force UTF-8 at the commit object level,
           because re-coding to UTF-8 is not necessarily a reversible operation.


           The editor used to edit the commit log message will be chosen from the
           GIT_EDITOR environment variable, the core.editor configuration
           variable, the VISUAL environment variable, or the EDITOR environment
           variable (in that order). See git-var(1) for details.



    Git 1.7.1 03/04/2013 GIT-COMMIT(1)


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