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           getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...
           getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -


           For  each  file,  getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and
           the Access Control List (ACL). If a directory has a default  ACL,  get-
           facl also displays the default ACL. Non-directories cannot have default
           If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl
           displays  the  access  permissions defined by the traditional file mode
           permission bits.
           The output format of getfacl is as follows:
                   1:  # file: somedir/
                   2:  # owner: lisa
                   3:  # group: staff
                   4:  # flags: -s-
                   5:  user::rwx
                   6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
                   7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
                   8:  group:cool:r-x
                   9:  mask::r-x
                  10:  other::r-x
                  11:  default:user::rwx
                  12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
                  13:  default:group::r-x
                  14:  default:mask::r-x
                  15:  default:other::---
           Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.
           Line 4 indicates the setuid (s),  setgid  (s),  and  sticky  (t)  bits:
           either  the  letter representing the bit, or else a dash (-). This line
           is included if any of those bits is set and left out otherwise,  so  it
           will  not  be  shown  for most files. (See CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e
           DRAFT STANDARD 17 below.)
           Lines 5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the
           file mode permission bits. These three are called the base ACL entries.
           Lines 6 and 8 are named user and named group entries.  Line  9  is  the
           effective  rights  mask. This entry limits the effective rights granted
           to all groups and to named users. (The file owner  and  others  permis-
           sions  are not affected by the effective rights mask; all other entries
           are.)  Lines 11--15 display the default ACL associated with this direc-
           tory.  Directories  may  have a default ACL. Regular files never have a
           default ACL.
           to the containing directory of a file) are also granted read access  to
           the  file's  ACLs.   This  is analogous to the permissions required for
           accessing the file mode.


           -a, --access
               Display the file access control list.
           -d, --default
               Display the default access control list.
           -c, --omit-header
               Do not display the comment header (the first three  lines  of  each
               file's output).
           -e, --all-effective
               Print  all  effective  rights  comments,  even  if identical to the
               rights defined by the ACL entry.
           -E, --no-effective
               Do not print effective rights comments.
           -s, --skip-base
               Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group,  oth-
           -R, --recursive
               List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.
           -L, --logical
               Logical  walk,  follow  symbolic  links to directories. The default
               behavior is to follow symbolic link arguments,  and  skip  symbolic
               links encountered in subdirectories.  Only effective in combination
               with -R.
           -P, --physical
               Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links  to  directories.  This
               also  skips symbolic link arguments.  Only effective in combination
               with -R.
           -t, --tabular
               Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and  the  default
               ACL  are  displayed  side by side. Permissions that are ineffective
               due to the ACL mask entry are displayed capitalized. The entry  tag
               names  for the ACL_USER_OBJ and ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are also dis-
               played in capital letters, which helps in spotting those entries.
           -p, --absolute-names
               Do not strip leading slash characters ('/'). The  default  behavior
               is to strip leading slash characters.


           If  the  environment  variable  POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default
           behavior of getfacl changes in the  following  ways:  Unless  otherwise
           specified,  only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is only printed if
           the -d option is given. If no command line parameter is given,  getfacl
           behaves as if it was invoked as ''getfacl -''.  No flags comments indi-
           cating the setuid, setgit, and sticky bits are generated.


           Andreas Gruenbacher, <>.
           Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.


           setfacl(1), acl(5)

    May 2000 ACL File Utilities GETFACL(1)


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