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    Command:

    fsck.minix

    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           fsck.minix [-larvsmf] device
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           fsck.minix performs a consistency check for the Linux MINIX filesystem.
           The current version supports the 14 character and 30 character filename
           options.
    
           The program assumes the filesystem is quiescent.  fsck.minix should not
           be used on a mounted device unless you can be sure nobody is writing to
           it  (and  remember that the kernel can write to it when it searches for
           files).
    
           The device name will usually have the following form:
                  /dev/hda[1-63] (IDE disk 1)
                  /dev/hdb[1-63] (IDE disk 2)
                  /dev/sda[1-15] (SCSI disk 1)
                  /dev/sdb[1-15] (SCSI disk 2)
    
           If the filesystem was changed (i.e., repaired),  then  fsck.minix  will
           print  "FILE  SYSTEM  HAS  CHANGED" and will sync(2) three times before
           exiting.  Since Linux does not currently have raw devices, there is  no
           need to reboot at this time.
    
    
    

    WARNING

           fsck.minix   should  not  be  used  on  a  mounted  filesystem.   Using
           fsck.minix on a mounted filesystem is very dangerous, due to the possi-
           bility  that deleted files are still in use, and can seriously damage a
           perfectly good filesystem!  If you absolutely have to run fsck.minix on
           a  mounted filesystem (i.e., the root filesystem), make sure nothing is
           writing to the disk, and that no files are "zombies" waiting for  dele-
           tion.
    
    
    

    OPTIONS

           -l     List all filenames.
    
           -r     Perform interactive repairs.
    
           -a     Perform  automatic  repairs.  (This option implies -r and serves
                  to answer all of the questions asked with  the  default.)   Note
                  that  this  can  be extremely dangerous in the case of extensive
                  filesystem damage.
    
           -v     Be verbose.
    
           -s     Output super-block information.
    
           -m     Activate MINIX-like "mode not cleared" warnings.
    
           -f     Force a filesystem check even if the filesystem  was  marked  as
                  valid (this marking is done by the kernel when the filesystem is
                  unmounted).
    
           0      No errors
    
           3      Filesystem  errors  corrected,  system  should  be  rebooted  if
                  filesystem was mounted
    
           4      Filesystem errors left uncorrected
    
           7      Combination of exit codes 3 and 4
    
           8      Operational error
    
           16     Usage or syntax error
    
           In point of fact, only 0, 3, 4, 7, 8, and 16 can ever be returned.
    
    
    

    AUTHOR

           Linus Torvalds (torvalds@cs.helsinki.fi)
           Error code values by Rik Faith (faith@cs.unc.edu)
           Added   support   for   filesystem   valid    flag:    Dr.    Wettstein
           (greg%wind.uucp@plains.nodak.edu)
           Check  to  prevent  fsck  of mounted filesystem added by Daniel Quinlan
           (quinlan@yggdrasil.com)
           Minix v2 fs support  by  Andreas  Schwab  (schwab@issan.informatik.uni-
           dortmund.de), updated by Nicolai Langfeldt (janl@math.uio.no)
           Portability patch by Russell King (rmk@ecs.soton.ac.uk).
    
    
    

    AVAILABILITY

           The  fsck.minix command is part of the util-linux package and is avail-
           able from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.
    
    
    

    util-linux July 1996 FSCK(8)

    
    
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