LinuxGuruz
  • Last 5 Forum Topics
    Replies
    Views
    Last post


The Web Only This Site
  • BOOKMARK

  • ADD TO FAVORITES

  • REFERENCES


  • MARC

    Mailing list ARChives
    - Search by -
     Subjects
     Authors
     Bodies





    FOLDOC

    Computing Dictionary




  • Text Link Ads






  • LINUX man pages
  • Linux Man Page Viewer


    The following form allows you to view linux man pages.

    Command:

    ex

    
    
    

    SYNOPSIS

           vim [options] [file ..]
           vim [options] -
           vim [options] -t tag
           vim [options] -q [errorfile]
    
           ex gex
           view
           gvim gview vimx evim eview
           rvim rview rgvim rgview
    
    
    

    DESCRIPTION

           Vim  is a text editor that is upwards compatible to Vi.  It can be used
           to edit all kinds of plain text.  It is especially useful  for  editing
           programs.
    
           There  are a lot of enhancements above Vi: multi level undo, multi win-
           dows and buffers, syntax highlighting, command line  editing,  filename
           completion,   on-line   help,   visual  selection,  etc..   See  ":help
           vi_diff.txt" for a summary of the differences between Vim and Vi.
    
           While running Vim a lot of help can be obtained from the  on-line  help
           system,  with the ":help" command.  See the ON-LINE HELP section below.
    
           Most often Vim is started to edit a single file with the command
    
                vim file
    
           More generally Vim is started with:
    
                vim [options] [filelist]
    
           If the filelist is missing, the editor will start with an empty buffer.
           Otherwise  exactly  one out of the following four may be used to choose
           one or more files to be edited.
    
           file ..     A list of filenames.  The first one  will  be  the  current
                       file  and  read  into the buffer.  The cursor will be posi-
                       tioned on the first line of the buffer.  You can get to the
                       other  files with the ":next" command.  To edit a file that
                       starts with a dash, precede the filelist with "--".
    
           -           The file to edit is read from  stdin.   Commands  are  read
                       from stderr, which should be a TTY.
    
           -t {tag}    The file to edit and the initial cursor position depends on
                       a "tag", a sort of goto label.  {tag} is looked up  in  the
                       tags file, the associated file becomes the current file and
                       the associated command is executed.  Mostly  this  is  used
                       for  C  programs,  in  which case {tag} could be a function
                       name.  The effect is that the file containing that function
                       becomes  the  current  file and the cursor is positioned on
    
           ex        Start in Ex mode.  Go to Normal mode with the ":vi"  command.
                     Can also be done with the "-e" argument.
    
           view      Start  in read-only mode.  You will be protected from writing
                     the files.  Can also be done with the "-R" argument.
    
           gvim gview
                     The GUI version.  Starts a new window.
    
           gex       Starts a new gvim window in Ex mode. Can also  be  done  with
                     the "-e" argument to gvim
    
           vimx      Starts  gvim  in  "Vi"  mode similar to "vim", but with addi-
                     tional features like xterm clipboard support
    
           evim eview
                     The GUI version in easy mode.  Starts a new window.  Can also
                     be done with the "-y" argument.
    
           rvim rview rgvim rgview
                     Like the above, but with restrictions.  It will not be possi-
                     ble to start shell commands, or suspend  Vim.   Can  also  be
                     done with the "-Z" argument.
    
    
    

    OPTIONS

           The  options  may  be  given  in  any order, before or after filenames.
           Options without an argument can be combined after a single dash.
    
           +[num]      For the first file the cursor will be  positioned  on  line
                       "num".   If "num" is missing, the cursor will be positioned
                       on the last line.
    
           +/{pat}     For the first file the cursor will  be  positioned  on  the
                       first  occurrence of {pat}.  See ":help search-pattern" for
                       the available search patterns.
    
           +{command}
    
           -c {command}
                       {command} will be executed after the first  file  has  been
                       read.   {command}  is interpreted as an Ex command.  If the
                       {command} contains spaces it must  be  enclosed  in  double
                       quotes  (this depends on the shell that is used).  Example:
                       Vim "+set si" main.c
                       Note: You can use up to 10 "+" or "-c" commands.
    
           -S {file}   {file} will be sourced after the first file has been  read.
                       This  is  equivalent  to -c "source {file}".  {file} cannot
                       start with '-'.  If {file} is omitted "Session.vim" is used
                       (only works when -S is the last argument).
    
                       Vim behave mostly  like  Vi,  even  though  a  .vimrc  file
                       exists.
    
           -d          Start  in  diff  mode.   There should be two, three or four
                       file name arguments.  Vim will open all the files and  show
                       differences between them.  Works like vimdiff(1).
    
           -d {device} Open  {device}  for  use as a terminal.  Only on the Amiga.
                       Example: "-d con:20/30/600/150".
    
           -D          Debugging.  Go to debugging mode when executing  the  first
                       command from a script.
    
           -e          Start  Vim  in Ex mode, just like the executable was called
                       "ex".
    
           -E          Start Vim in improved Ex mode, just like the executable was
                       called "exim".
    
           -f          Foreground.   For  the  GUI  version, Vim will not fork and
                       detach from the shell it was started in.  On the Amiga, Vim
                       is  not restarted to open a new window.  This option should
                       be used when Vim is executed by a program  that  will  wait
                       for  the  edit session to finish (e.g. mail).  On the Amiga
                       the ":sh" and ":!" commands will not work.
    
           --nofork    Foreground.  For the GUI version, Vim  will  not  fork  and
                       detach from the shell it was started in.
    
           -F          If  Vim  has  been  compiled with FKMAP support for editing
                       right-to-left oriented files and  Farsi  keyboard  mapping,
                       this  option  starts  Vim  in  Farsi mode, i.e. 'fkmap' and
                       'rightleft' are set.  Otherwise an error message  is  given
                       and Vim aborts.
    
           -g          If  Vim  has  been  compiled  with GUI support, this option
                       enables the GUI.  If no GUI support  was  compiled  in,  an
                       error message is given and Vim aborts.
    
           -h          Give  a  bit  of  help about the command line arguments and
                       options.  After this Vim exits.
    
           -H          If Vim has been compiled with RIGHTLEFT support for editing
                       right-to-left  oriented  files and Hebrew keyboard mapping,
                       this option starts Vim in Hebrew  mode,  i.e.  'hkmap'  and
                       'rightleft'  are  set.  Otherwise an error message is given
                       and Vim aborts.
    
           -i {viminfo}
                       When using the viminfo file is enabled,  this  option  sets
                       the  filename  to use, instead of the default "~/.viminfo".
                       This can also be used to skip the use of the .viminfo file,
    
           -N          No-compatible mode.  Reset the 'compatible'  option.   This
                       will  make Vim behave a bit better, but less Vi compatible,
                       even though a .vimrc file does not exist.
    
           -n          No swap file will be used.  Recovery after a crash will  be
                       impossible.   Handy  if  you  want to edit a file on a very
                       slow medium (e.g. floppy).  Can also  be  done  with  ":set
                       uc=0".  Can be undone with ":set uc=200".
    
           -nb         Become  an  editor  server  for NetBeans.  See the docs for
                       details.
    
           -o[N]       Open N windows stacked.  When N is omitted, open one window
                       for each file.
    
           -O[N]       Open  N  windows side by side.  When N is omitted, open one
                       window for each file.
    
           -p[N]       Open N tab pages.  When N is omitted, open one tab page for
                       each file.
    
           -R          Read-only  mode.   The  'readonly' option will be set.  You
                       can still edit the buffer, but will be prevented from acci-
                       dentally overwriting a file.  If you do want to overwrite a
                       file, add an exclamation mark to  the  Ex  command,  as  in
                       ":w!".   The  -R  option  also  implies  the -n option (see
                       below).  The 'readonly' option  can  be  reset  with  ":set
                       noro".  See ":help 'readonly'".
    
           -r          List  swap  files,  with  information  about using them for
                       recovery.
    
           -r {file}   Recovery mode.  The swap file is used to recover a  crashed
                       editing  session.   The  swap  file is a file with the same
                       filename as the text file with ".swp" appended.  See ":help
                       recovery".
    
           -s          Silent  mode.   Only  when started as "Ex" or when the "-e"
                       option was given before the "-s" option.
    
           -s {scriptin}
                       The script file {scriptin} is read.  The characters in  the
                       file  are  interpreted  as if you had typed them.  The same
                       can be done with the command ":source! {scriptin}".  If the
                       end of the file is reached before the editor exits, further
                       characters are read from the keyboard.
    
           -T {terminal}
                       Tells Vim the name of the terminal  you  are  using.   Only
                       required  when the automatic way doesn't work.  Should be a
                       terminal known to Vim (builtin) or defined in  the  termcap
    
           -V[N]       Verbose.   Give  messages about which files are sourced and
                       for reading and writing a viminfo file.  The optional  num-
                       ber N is the value for 'verbose'.  Default is 10.
    
           -v          Start  Vim  in Vi mode, just like the executable was called
                       "vi".  This only has effect when the executable  is  called
                       "ex".
    
           -w {scriptout}
                       All  the  characters that you type are recorded in the file
                       {scriptout}, until you exit Vim.  This  is  useful  if  you
                       want  to  create  a script file to be used with "vim -s" or
                       ":source!".  If the {scriptout} file exists, characters are
                       appended.
    
           -W {scriptout}
                       Like -w, but an existing file is overwritten.
    
           -x          Use encryption when writing files.  Will prompt for a crypt
                       key.
    
           -X          Don't connect to the X server.  Shortens startup time in  a
                       terminal,  but  the  window title and clipboard will not be
                       used.
    
           -y          Start Vim in easy mode, just like the executable was called
                       "evim"  or "eview".  Makes Vim behave like a click-and-type
                       editor.
    
           -Z          Restricted mode.  Works like  the  executable  starts  with
                       "r".
    
           --          Denotes  the end of the options.  Arguments after this will
                       be handled as a file name.  This can  be  used  to  edit  a
                       filename that starts with a '-'.
    
           --echo-wid  GTK GUI only: Echo the Window ID on stdout.
    
           --help      Give a help message and exit, just like "-h".
    
           --literal   Take  file  name  arguments  literally, do not expand wild-
                       cards.  This has no effect on Unix where the shell  expands
                       wildcards.
    
           --noplugin  Skip loading plugins.  Implied by -u NONE.
    
           --remote    Connect to a Vim server and make it edit the files given in
                       the rest of the arguments.  If no server is found a warning
                       is given and the files are edited in the current Vim.
    
           --remote-expr {expr}
                       Connect  to  a  Vim server, evaluate {expr} in it and print
                       As --remote-wait, but without the warning when no server is
                       found.
    
           --remote-tab[-wait][-silent]
                       As --remote but use tab page per file
    
           --role      Set a unique role to identify the main window
    
           --serverlist
                       List the names of all Vim servers that can be found.
    
           --servername {name}
                       Use  {name}  as the server name.  Used for the current Vim,
                       unless used with a --remote argument, then it's the name of
                       the server to connect to.
    
           --socketid {id}
                       GTK  GUI  only:  Use  the  GtkPlug mechanism to run gvim in
                       another window.
    
           --version   Print version information and exit.
    
    
    

    ON-LINE HELP

           Type ":help" in Vim to get started.  Type ":help subject" to  get  help
           on  a  specific  subject.   For example: ":help ZZ" to get help for the
           "ZZ" command.  Use <Tab> and CTRL-D to complete subjects  (":help  cmd-
           line-completion").   Tags are present to jump from one place to another
           (sort of hypertext links, see ":help").  All documentation files can be
           viewed in this way, for example ":help syntax.txt".
    
    
    

    FILES

           /usr/share/vim/vim74/doc/*.txt
                          The  Vim documentation files.  Use ":help doc-file-list"
                          to get the complete list.
    
           /usr/share/vim/vim74/doc/tags
                          The tags file used for finding information in the  docu-
                          mentation files.
    
           /usr/share/vim/vim74/syntax/syntax.vim
                          System wide syntax initializations.
    
           /usr/share/vim/vim74/syntax/*.vim
                          Syntax files for various languages.
    
           /etc/vimrc     System wide Vim initializations.
    
           ~/.vimrc       Your personal Vim initializations.
    
           /etc/gvimrc    System wide gvim initializations.
    
           ~/.gvimrc      Your personal gvim initializations.
    
           /usr/share/vim/vim74/scripts.vim
                          Script  to  detect  the  type of a file by its contents.
                          See ":help 'filetype'".
    
           /usr/share/vim/vim74/print/*.ps
                          Files used for PostScript printing.
    
           For recent info read the VIM home page:
           <URL:http://www.vim.org/>
    
    
    

    SEE ALSO

           vimtutor(1)
    
    
    

    AUTHOR

           Most of Vim was made by Bram Moolenaar, with a lot of help from others.
           See ":help credits" in Vim.
           Vim  is  based  on Stevie, worked on by: Tim Thompson, Tony Andrews and
           G.R. (Fred) Walter.  Although hardly any of the original code  remains.
    
    
    

    BUGS

           Probably.  See ":help todo" for a list of known problems.
    
           Note  that a number of things that may be regarded as bugs by some, are
           in fact caused by a too-faithful reproduction of Vi's  behaviour.   And
           if  you  think  other things are bugs "because Vi does it differently",
           you should take a closer look at the vi_diff.txt file  (or  type  :help
           vi_diff.txt  when  in  Vim).   Also have a look at the 'compatible' and
           'cpoptions' options.
    
                                      2006 Apr 11                           VIM(1)
    
  • MORE RESOURCE


  • Linux

    The Distributions





    Linux

    The Software





    Linux

    The News



  • MARKETING






  • Toll Free

webmaster@linuxguruz.com
Copyright © 1999 - 2016 by LinuxGuruz