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           dict word
           dict [options] [word]
           dict [options] dict://host:port/d:word:database
           dict [options] dict://host:port/m:word:database:strategy


           dict  is  a  client  for  the  Dictionary Server Protocol (DICT), a TCP
           transaction based query/response protocol that provides access to  dic-
           tionary   definitions   from  a  set  of  natural  language  dictionary
           databases.  Exit status is 0 if operation succeeded, or non-zero other-
           See EXIT STATUS section.


           -h server or --host server
                  Specifies  the hostname for the DICT server.  Server/port combi-
                  nations can be specified  in  the  configuration  file.   If  no
                  servers  are  specified  in  the configuration file or or on the
                  command line, dict will fail.  (This is a  compile-time  option,
                  ./configure --enable-dictorg, which is disabled by default.)  If
                  IP lookup for a server expands to a list  of  IP  addresses  (as
          does  currently),  then  each  IP will be tried in the
                  order listed.
           -p service or --port service
                  Specifies the port (e.g., 2628) or service (e.g., dict) for con-
                  nections.   The default is 2628, as specified in the DICT Proto-
                  col RFC.  Server/port combinations can be specified in the  con-
                  figuration file.
           -d dbname or --database dbname
                  Specifies  a  specific  database  to  search.  The default is to
                  search all databases (a "*" from the DICT protocol).  Note  that
                  a  "!" in the DICT protocol means to search all of the databases
                  until a match is found, and then stop searching.
           -m or --match
                  Instead of printing a definition,  perform  a  match  using  the
                  specified strategy.
           -s strategy or --strategy strategy
                  Specify  a  matching  strategy.   By default, the server default
                  match strategy is used.  This is  usually  "exact"  for  defini-
                  tions, and some form of spelling-correction strategy for matches
                  ("." from the DICT  protocol).   The  available  strategies  are
                  dependent on the server implementation.  For a list of available
                  strategies, see the -S or --strats option.
           -C or --nocorrect
                  Usually, if a definition is requested and  the  word  cannot  be
                  Query the server and display a list of available search  strate-
           -H or --serverhelp
                  Query  the  server and display the help information that it pro-
           -i dbname or --info dbname
                  Request information  on  the  specified  database  (usually  the
                  server  will provide origination, descriptive, or other informa-
                  tion about the database or its contents).
           -I or --serverinfo
                  Query the server and display information about the server.
           -M or --mime
                  Send OPTION MIME command to the server.
                  NOTE: Server's capabilities are not checked.
           -f or --formatted
                  Enables formatted output, i.e. output  convenient  for  postpro-
                  cessing  by  standard UNIX utilities. No, it is not XML ;-) Also
                  error and warning messages like
                   " No matches...", "  Invalid  strategy..."  etc.  are  sent  to
                  stderr, not to stdout.
                   -I, -i, -H and similar:
                      host<TAB>port<TAB>strategy1<TAB>short description1
                      host<TAB>port<TAB>strategy2<TAB>short description2
                      host<TAB>port<TAB>database1<TAB>database description1
                      host<TAB>port<TAB>database2<TAB>database description2
           -a or --noauth
                  Disable authentication (i.e., don't send an AUTH command).
           -u user or --user user
                  Specifies the username for authentication.
           -r or --raw
                  Be very verbose: show the raw client/server interaction.
                  Specify  the  buffer size for pipelineing commands.  The default
                  is 256, which should be sufficient  for  general  tasks  and  be
                  below  the MTU for most transport media.  Larger values may pro-
                  vide faster or slower throughput,  depending  on  MTU.   If  the
                  buffer  is  too small, requests will be serialized.  Values less
                  than 0 and greater than one  million  are  silently  changed  to
                  something more reasonable.
           --client text
                  Specifies additional text to be sent using the CLIENT command.
           --debug flag
                  Set a debugging flag.  Valid flags are:
                         The same as -v or --verbose.
                  raw    The same as -r or --raw.
                  scan   Debug the scanner for the configuration file.
                  parse  Debug the parser for the configuration file.
                  pipe   Debug  TCP  pipelining  support  (see  the  DICT  RFC and
                  serial Disable pipelining support.
                  time   Perform transaction timing.


           The configuration file currently has a very simple format.   Lines  are
           used to specify servers, for example:
           or, with options:
                  server { port 8080 }
                  server { user username secret }
                  server { port dict user username secret }
           the  port  and  user  options  may be specified in any order.  The port
           option is used to specify an optional  port  (e.g.,  2628)  or  service
           (e.g.,  dict)  for  the  TCP/IP connection.  The user option is used to
           specify a username and shared secret to be used for  authentication  to
           this particular server.
           Servers  are  tried in the order listed until a connection is made.  If
           none of the specified  servers  are  available,  and  the  compile-time
           option  (./configure --enable-dictorg) is enabled, then an attempt will
           be made to connect on localhost and on at  the  standard  part
            30 Unexpected response code from server
            31 Server is temporarily unavailable
            32 Server is shutting down
            33 Syntax error, command not recognized
            34 Syntax error, illegal parameters
            35 Command not implemented
            36 Command parameter not implemented
            37 Access denied
            38 Authentication failed
            39 Invalid database
            40 Invalid strategy
            41 Connection to server failed


           dict  was  written  by  Rik Faith ( and is distributed
           under the terms of the GNU General Public License.  If you need to dis-
           tribute under other terms, write to the author.
           The main libraries used by this programs (zlib, regex, libmaa) are dis-
           tributed under different terms, so you may be able to use the libraries
           for  applications which are incompatible with the GPL -- please see the
           copyright notices and license information that come with the  libraries
           for  more  information, and consult with your attorney to resolve these


           If a dict: URL is given on the command line,  only  the  first  one  is
           used.  The rest are ignored.
           If  a dict: URL contains a specifier for the nth definition or match of
           a word, it will be ignored and all the definitions or matches  will  be
           provided.   This  violates  the  RFC, and will be corrected in a future
           If a dict: URL contains a shared secret, it will  not  be  parsed  cor-
           When  OPTION  MIME command is sent to the server (-M option) , server's
           capabilities are not checked.


                  User's dict configuration file
                  System dict configuration file


           dictd(8), dictzip(1),, RFC 2229

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