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           debsign [options] [changes-file|dsc-file|commands-file ...]


           debsign  mimics the signing aspects (and bugs) of dpkg-buildpackage(1).
           It takes either an unsigned .dsc file  or  an  unsigned  .changes  file
           (along  with  the  associated unsigned .dsc file found by replacing the
           architecture name and .changes by .dsc if it appears  in  the  .changes
           file),  and  signs  them using the GNU Privacy Guard.  It is careful to
           calculate the size and checksums of the  newly  signed  .dsc  file  and
           replace the original values in the .changes file.
           If  a .changes, .dsc or .commands file is specified, it is signed, oth-
           erwise, debian/changelog  is  parsed  to  determine  the  name  of  the
           .changes file to look for in the parent directory.
           If a .commands file is specified it is first validated (see the details
           at,  and  the  name
           specified in the Uploader field is used for signing.
           This  utility  is  useful  if  a  developer must build a package on one
           machine where it is unsafe to sign it; they need then only transfer the
           small  .dsc  and .changes files to a safe machine and then use the deb-
           sign program to sign them before transferring them back.  This  process
           can  be  automated  in two ways.  If the files to be signed live on the
           remote machine, the -r option may be used to copy  them  to  the  local
           machine  and  back again after signing.  If the files live on the local
           machine, then they may be transferred to the remote machine for signing
           using debrsign(1).
           This  program  can take default settings from the devscripts configura-
           tion files, as described below.


           -r [username@]remotehost
                  The .changes and .dsc files live on the specified  remote  host.
                  In  this case, a .changes file must be explicitly named, with an
                  absolute directory or one relative to the remote home directory.
                  scp  will  be  used  for  the  copying.   The [username@]remote-
                  host:changes syntax is permitted as an  alternative.   Wildcards
                  (* etc.) are allowed.
                  When  debsign  needs to execute GPG to sign it will run progname
                  (searching the PATH if necessary), instead of gpg.
                  Specify the maintainer name to be used for signing.  (See  dpkg-
                  buildpackage(1)  for  more  information  about  the  differences
                  between -m, -e and -k when building packages; debsign  makes  no
                  use  of these distinctions except with respect to the precedence
                  of the various options.  These multiple options are provided  so
                  See dpkg-architecture(1) for a  description  of  these  options.
                  They affect the search for the .changes file.  They are provided
                  to mimic the behaviour of dpkg-buildpackage when determining the
                  name of the .changes file.
                  Multiarch  changes  mode: This signifies that debsign should use
                  the  most  recent  file  with  the  name  pattern   package_ver-
                  sion_*+*.changes  as  the changes file, allowing for the changes
                  files produced by dpkg-cross.
           --re-sign, --no-re-sign
                  Recreate signature, respectively use the existing signature,  if
                  the  file  has  been signed already.  If neither option is given
                  and an already signed file is found the user is asked if  he  or
                  she likes to use the current signature.
           --debs-dir DIR
                  Look for the .changes and .dsc files in directory DIR instead of
                  the parent of the source directory.  This should  either  be  an
                  absolute path or relative to the top of the source directory.
           --no-conf, --noconf
                  Do  not  read any configuration files.  This can only be used as
                  the first option given on the command-line.
           --help, -h
                  Display a help message and exit successfully.
                  Display version and copyright information and exit successfully.


           The  two configuration files /etc/devscripts.conf and ~/.devscripts are
           sourced in that order to set  configuration  variables.   Command  line
           options  can be used to override configuration file settings.  Environ-
           ment variable settings are ignored for  this  purpose.   The  currently
           recognised variables are:
                  Setting this is equivalent to giving a -p option.
                  This is the -m option.
                  And this is the -k option.
                  Always  re-sign  files  even if they are already signed, without


           This program was written by Julian Gilbey <> and is copy-
           right under the GPL, version 2 or later.

    DEBIAN Debian Utilities DEBSIGN(1)


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