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           The  .deb format is the Debian binary package file format. It is under-
           stood by dpkg 0.93.76 and later, and is generated  by  default  by  all
           versions  of dpkg since 1.2.0 and all i386/ELF versions since 1.1.1elf.
           The format described here is used since Debian 0.93; details of the old
           format are described in deb-old(5).


           The  file  is  an  ar  archive with a magic value of !<arch>.  The file
           names might contain a trailing slash.
           The tar archives currently allowed are, the old-style (v7) format,  the
           pre-POSIX  ustar format, a subset of the GNU format (only the new style
           long pathnames and long linknames, supported since dpkg,  and
           the  POSIX  ustar  format  (long  names  supported  since dpkg 1.15.0).
           Unrecognized tar typeflags are considered an error.
           The first member is named debian-binary and contains a series of lines,
           separated  by  newlines. Currently only one line is present, the format
           version number, 2.0 at the time this manual page was written.  Programs
           which  read new-format archives should be prepared for the minor number
           to be increased and new lines to be present, and should ignore these if
           this is the case.
           If  the  major number has changed, an incompatible change has been made
           and the program should stop. If it has not, then the program should  be
           able  to  safely continue, unless it encounters an unexpected member in
           the archive (except at the end), as described below.
           The second required member is named control.tar.gz.  It  is  a  gzipped
           tar  archive containing the package control information, as a series of
           plain files, of which the file control is mandatory  and  contains  the
           core control information. The control tarball may optionally contain an
           entry for '.', the current directory.
           The third, last required member is named  data.tar.   It  contains  the
           filesystem  as  a  tar  archive, either not compressed (supported since
           dpkg 1.10.24), or compressed with gzip (with .gz extension),  xz  (with
           .xz  extension,  supported  since dpkg 1.15.6), bzip2 (with .bz2 exten-
           sion, supported since dpkg 1.10.24) or lzma (with .lzma extension, sup-
           ported since dpkg 1.13.25).
           These  members  must occur in this exact order. Current implementations
           should ignore any additional members after data.tar.   Further  members
           may  be  defined  in the future, and (if possible) will be placed after
           these three. Any additional members that may need to be inserted before
           data.tar  and  which  should  be safely ignored by older programs, will
           have names starting with an underscore, '_'.

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