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           console [generic-args] [-aAfFsS] [-e esc] console
           console [generic-args] [-iIuwWx] [console]
           console [generic-args] [-hPqQrRV] [-[bB] message] [-d [user][@console]]
           [-t [user][@console] message] [-[zZ] cmd]
           generic-args: [-7DEnUv] [-c cred] [-C config] [-M master] [-p port] [-l


           Console  is  used  to  manipulate console terminals remotely or to poll
           running conserver(8) daemons for status information.
           In the first form above, console asks the user's password before grant-
           ing  interactive  access  to a console (on a non-trusted system), since
           such a session may provide single-user access.  If the  server's  auto-
           completion  feature  is enabled, only as much of the console name as is
           required to identify it uniquely to the server is required.
           For non-interactive options, console outputs only the requested  infor-
           mation and exits.
           Console  knows  only  of  a  primary  conserver host (see the -M option
           below), to which it initially connects.  In a multi-server environment,
           the  primary server may refer the client to a different server handling
           the requested console, or it will provide a  list  of  all  servers  if
           required (as when console is invoked with the -r option).  Console then
           opens connections to the appropriate server(s).  It  is  not  necessary
           for the user of console to know which server manages which consoles, as
           long as console knows a valid primary server and all available consoles
           are listed in the primary server's configuration file.


           Options  may  be given as separate arguments (e.g., -v -w) or clustered
           (e.g., -vw).  Options and their arguments may be separated by  optional
           white  space.   Option  arguments containing spaces or other characters
           special to the shell must be quoted.
           -7         Strip the high bit off of all data  received,  whether  from
                      user input or from the server, before any processing occurs.
                      Disallows escape sequence characters with the high bit  set.
           -a         Access  a  console  with  a  two-way (read-write) connection
                      (this is the default).  The connection  is  dropped  to  spy
                      mode if someone else is attached read-write.
           -bmessage  Broadcast a message to all users connected to each server.
           -Bmessage  Same  as  -b but just send a message to users on the primary
           -ccred     Load an SSL certificate and key from the  PEM  encoded  file
                      option are accepted.  The default value is ''^Ec''.
           -E         If encryption has been built into the code (--with-openssl),
                      encrypted client connections are, by default, a requirement.
                      This  option  disables  any attempt at creating an encrypted
                      connection.  If you'd like to use encrypted connections when
                      your  server supports it, but fallback to non-encrypted oth-
                      erwise, the -U option is what you want.
           -f         Same as -a except it will force any existing connection into
                      spy mode.
           -h         Display a brief help message.
           -i         Display  status  information  in  a machine-parseable format
                      (see below for the details).
           -I         Same as -i but just acts on the primary server.
           -luser     Set the login name used  for  authentication  to  user.   By
                      default,  console  uses  $USER if its uid matches the user's
                      real uid, or $LOGNAME if its uid  matches  the  user's  real
                      uid, or else the name associated with the user's real uid.
           -Mmaster   The  console  client  program  polls  master  as the primary
                      server, rather than the default set at compile  time  (typi-
                      cally  ''console'').   The  default master may be changed at
                      compile time using the --with-master option.  If  --with-uds
                      is  used to enable Unix domain sockets, however, this option
                      points console to the directory which holds  those  sockets.
                      The  default  master  directory  (''/tmp/conserver'') may be
                      changed at compile time using the --with-uds option.
           -n         Do not read the system-wide configuration file.
           -pport     Set the port to connect to.  This may be either a port  num-
                      ber  or  a service name.  The default port may be changed at
                      compile time using the --with-port option.  If  the  --with-
                      uds option was used, this option is ignored.
           -P         Display the pid of the master daemon process on each server.
           -q         The console client connects to each server to  request  that
                      the  server  daemon  quit (shut down).  The root password of
                      the host(s) running conserver is required unless  the  local
                      host  is  listed as ''trusted'' in the file; in
                      that case, just press <return>.
           -Q         Same as -q but just acts on the primary server.
           -r         Display daemon versions.  The  console  client  connects  to
                      each server to request its version information.
                      'init') and attached  users  (user@host  if  attached  read-
                      write, '<spies>' if only users in spy mode, or '<none>').
           -U         If encryption has been built into the code (--with-openssl),
                      encrypted client connections are, by default, a requirement.
                      This  option  allows the client to attempt an encrypted con-
                      nection but fall back to a non-encrypted connection  if  the
                      server  doesn't support encryption.  If the encryption hand-
                      shake is failing, disabling encryption on  the  client  with
                      the -E option is probably what you want.
           -v         Be  more  verbose when building the connection(s).  Use this
                      option in combination with any of 'show' options (below) for
                      added benefit.
           -V         Output  the  version and settings of the console client pro-
                      gram and then exit.
           -w         Show a list of all who are currently connected to  consoles,
                      including the hostnames where the console connections origi-
                      nate and the idle times.  This is useful to see  if  anybody
                      is actively using the console system if it becomes necessary
                      to shut down conserver.
           -W         Same as -w but just acts on the primary server.
           -x         Show a list of consoles and devices.
           -zcmd      Sends a command  (cmd)  to  each  server  and  displays  the
                      result.  The valid commands are:
                      bringup     Try to connect all consoles marked as down (this
                                  is equivalent to sending the server a SIGUSR1)
                      SIGUSR1     Same as bringup
                      help        Displays the help message
                      pid         Returns the pid of the server (this  is  equiva-
                                  lent to -P)
                      quit        Instructs  the  server  to  shut  down  (this is
                                  equivalent  to  -q  or  sending  the  server   a
                      SIGTERM     Same as quit
                      reconfig    Instructs the server to reload the configuration
                                  file, then perform the actions of  reopen  (this
                                  is equivalent to sending the server a SIGHUP)
                      SIGHUP      Same as reconfig
                      reopen      Instructs  the  server  to  reopen all logfiles,
                                  then perform the actions  of  bringup  (this  is
                                  equivalent to sending the server a SIGUSR2)
                      SIGUSR2     Same as reopen
                      version     Returns  the  version  of  the  server  (this is
                                  equivalent to -V)
                  The hostname, pid, and socket number of the child process manag-
                  ing the console.
           type   The  type  of console.  Values will be a '/' for a local device,
                  '|' for a command, '!' for a remote port, '%' for a Unix  domain
                  socket, and '#' for a noop console.
                  The  details regarding the console.  The values here (all comma-
                  separated) depend on the type of  the  console.   Local  devices
                  will  have values of the device file, baud rate/parity, and file
                  descriptor for the device.  Commands will  have  values  of  the
                  command,  the command's pid, the pseudo-tty, and file descriptor
                  for the pseudo-tty.  Remote ports will have values of the remote
                  hostname,  remote  port  number, ''raw'' or ''telnet'' protocol,
                  and file descriptor for  the  socket  connection.   Unix  domain
                  sockets will have the path to the socket and the file descriptor
                  for the socket connection.  Noop consoles will have nothing.
                  The details of each user connected to the console.  The  details
                  for each user are an '@' separated list of 'w', 'r', or 's' (for
                  read-write, read-only, or  suspended),  username,  hostname  the
                  user  is  on,  the  user's idle time, and (for 'r' and 's' users
                  only) ''rw'' or ''ro'' (if the user  wants  read-write  mode  or
                  not).  Each user bundle is separated by commas.
           state  The  state  of  the  console.   Values  with  either  be ''up'',
                  ''down'', or ''init''.
           perm   This value will either be ''rw'' or ''ro''.   It  will  only  be
                  ''ro''  if the console is a local device ('/' type) and the per-
                  missions are such that the server can open the  file  for  read,
                  but not write.
                  The  details  regarding the logging for the console.  The comma-
                  separated values will be the logfile, ''log'' or  ''nolog''  (if
                  logging  is  on  or  not  -  toggled  via  ''^EcL''), ''act'' or
                  ''noact'' (if activity logging is  enabled  or  not  -  the  'a'
                  timestamp option), the timestamp interval, and the file descrip-
                  tor of the logfile.
           break  The default break sequence used for the console.
           reup   If the console is currently down and the automatic  reconnection
                  code is at work, it will have the value of ''autoup'', otherwise
                  it will be ''noautoup''.
                  The console aliases are presented in a comma-separated list.


           Console reads configuration information from the system-wide configura-
           tion file (, then the per-user configuration file  (.consol-
           erc),  and  then  applies  command-line  arguments.  Each configuration
           location can override the previous.  The same happens when  parsing  an
           individual  file  -  the  later  entries  always  override  the earlier
           entries.  Because of that, you should put ''global'' defaults first and
           more specific defaults second.
           The   configuration  file  is  read  using  the  same  parser  as  con-
 , and you should check that  manpage  for  parser  details.
           Console recognizes the following configuration blocks.
           config hostname|ipaddr
                  Define  a configuration block for the client host named hostname
                  or using the address ipaddr.  If the value of ''*'' is used, the
                  configuration block will be applied to all client hosts.
                  escape esc
                         Set the escape sequence (see the -e command-line flag).
                  master master
                         Set the default master to master (see the -M command-line
                  playback num|""
                         Override the playback length for the p escape command  to
                         num lines (if the server supports it).  Using the special
                         value of ''0'' will cause the client to use the number of
                         lines  of  the  current  terminal  (if that can be deter-
                         mined).  If the null string (''""'') is used,  the  play-
                         back length will not be overridden.
                  port port
                         Set  the  default  port  to port (see the -p command-line
                  replay num|""
                         Override the replay length for the r  escape  command  to
                         num lines (if the server supports it).  Using the special
                         value of ''0'' will cause the client to use the number of
                         lines  of  the  current  terminal  (if that can be deter-
                         mined).  If the null string (''""'') is used, the  replay
                         length will not be overridden.
                  sslcredentials filename
                         Set  the  SSL  credentials file location (see the -c com-
                         mand-line flag).
                  sslenabled yes|true|on|no|false|off
                         Set whether or not encryption is attempted  when  talking
                         to servers (see the -E command-line flag).
                  Define a configuration block when using a terminal of type type.
                  If  the  value of ''*'' is used, the configuration block will be
                  applied to all terminal types.
                  attach string|""
                         Set a string to print when  successfully  attached  to  a
                         console.   Character  substitions will be performed based
                         on the attachsubst value and occur before  interpretation
                         of  the  special  characters  below.   If the null string
                         (''""'') is used, no string will be printed.  string is a
                         simple  character  string  with  the exception of '\' and
                                 \a    alert
                                 \b    backspace
                                 \f    form-feed
                                 \n    newline
                                 \r    carriage-return
                                 \t    tab
                                 \v    vertical-tab
                                 \\    backslash
                                 \^    circumflex
                                 \ooo  octal representation of a character  (where
                                       ooo is one to three octal digits)
                                 \c    character c
                                 ^?    delete
                                 ^c    control  character  (c  is  ''and''ed  with
                         An interesting use of attach and attachsubst would be:
                                 terminal xterm {
                                     attach "^[]0;conserver: U@C^G";
                                     attachsubst U=us,C=cs;
                  attachsubst c=t[n]f[,...]|""
                         Perform character substitutions on the attach  value.   A
                         series  of  replacements  can  be defined by specifying a
                         comma-separated list of c=t[n]f sequences where c is  any
                         printable character, t specifies the replacement value, n
                         is a field length (optional), and f is the format string.
                         t  can  be  one of the characters below, catagorized as a
                         string replacement or a numeric replacement,  which  dic-
                         tates the use of the n and f fields.
                                 String Replacement
                                 u      username
                                 c      console name
                                 Numeric Replacement
                                 none available (yet)
                         detachsubst value.  See the attach option for an explana-
                         tion of string.  If the null string (''""'') is used,  no
                         string will be printed.
                  detachsubst c=t[n]f[,...]|""
                         Perform character substitutions on the detach value.  See
                         the attachsubst option for an explanation of  the  format
           A  simple  configuration to set a new default escape sequence and over-
           ride the master location would be:
                  # override options for all hosts
                  config * {
                      master localhost;
                      escape ^Ee;
                  # set things more specific to host1
                  # note: if the entries were reversed, host1
                  # would also use localhost.
                  config host1 {
                      master console1;


           The connection can be controlled by a  two-character  escape  sequence,
           followed  by a command.  The default escape sequence is ''control-E c''
           (octal 005 143).  (The escape sequences are actually processed  by  the
           server;  see the conserver(8) man page for more information.)  Commands
           .            disconnect
           ;            move to another console
           a            attach read-write if nobody already is
           b            send broadcast message to all users on this console
           c            toggle flow control (don't do this)
           d            down the current console
           ecc          change the escape sequence to the next two characters
           f            forcibly attach read-write
           g            group info
           i            information dump
           L            toggle logging on/off
           l?           list the break sequences available
           l0           send the break sequence associated with this console
           l1-9         send the specific break sequence
           m            display the "message of the day"
           o            close (if open) and reopen the line (to clear errors (silo
                        overflows)) and the log file
           p            playback the last 60 lines of output
           P            set number of playback lines
           r            replay the last 20 lines of output
           R            set number of replay lines
           characters will be discarded.  Note that a line break or a down command
           can only be sent from a read-write  connection.   To  send  the  escape
           sequence  through  the  connection  one  must redefine the outer escape
           sequence, or use ^Ec\ooo to send the first escape character before typ-
           ing the second character directly.
           In the -u output, the login ''<none>'' indicates no one is viewing that
           console, and the login ''<spies>'' indicates that no one  has  a  read-
           write connection (only read-only).
           When  running  a  local command via ''^Ec|'', you can type '^C' to send
           the command a SIGHUP, '^\' to send the command a SIGKILL,  and  'o'  to
           toggle the display of the console data.


           console -u     Outputs something like:
                          dumb      up      <none>
                          expert    up      ksb@mentor
                          tyro      up      <spies>
                          mentor    up      <none>
                          sage      up      fine@cis
                          The  <none>  indicates no one is viewing dumb or mentor,
                          the <spies> indicates only read-only  connections  exist
                          for  tyro,  and  other login@host entries indicate users
                          attached read-write to sage and expert.
           console -w     Outputs something like:
                          ksb@extra       attach  2days     expert
                          file@cis        attach  21:46     sage
                          dmr@alice       spy      0:04     tyro
                          The third column is the idle time of the  user.   Either
                          hours:minutes or number of days is displayed.
           console -e "^[1" lv426
                          Requests  a  connection  to  the host ''lv426'' with the
                          escape characters set to ''escape one''.


           The following default file locations may be overridden at compile  time
           or  by the command-line options described above.  Run console -V to see
           the defaults set at compile time.
           /etc/          system-wide configuration file
           $HOME/.consolerc         per-user configuration file


           It is possible to create a  loop  of  console  connections,  with  ugly
           results.   Never  run  console from within a console connection (unless
 , conserver.passwd(5), conserver(8)

    conserver-8.1.18 2006/04/03 CONSOLE(1)


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