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cap_t cap_get_file(const char *path_p);
int cap_set_file(const char *path_p, cap_t cap_p);
cap_t cap_get_fd(int fd);
int cap_set_fd(int fd, cap_t caps);
Link with -lcap.
cap_get_file() and cap_get_fd() allocate a capability state in working
storage and set it to represent the capability state of the pathname
pointed to by path_p or the file open on descriptor fd. These func-
tions return a pointer to the newly created capability state. The
effects of reading the capability state from any file other than a reg-
ular file is undefined. The caller should free any releasable memory,
when the capability state in working storage is no longer required, by
calling cap_free() with the used cap_t as an argument.
cap_set_file() and cap_set_fd() set the values for all capability flags
for all capabilities for the pathname pointed to by path_p or the file
open on descriptor fd, with the capability state identified by cap_p.
The new capability state of the file is completely determined by the
contents of cap_p. A NULL value for cap_p is used to indicate that
capabilities for the file should be deleted. For these functions to
succeed, the calling process must have the effective capability,
CAP_SETFCAP, enabled and either the effective user ID of the process
must match the file owner or the calling process must have the
CAP_FOWNER flag in its effective capability set. The effects of writ-
ing the capability state to any file type other than a regular file are
cap_get_file() and cap_get_fd() return a non-NULL value on success, and
NULL on failure.
cap_set_file() and cap_set_fd() return zero on success, and -1 on fail-
On failure, errno is set to EACCES, EBADFD, ENAMETOOLONG, ENOENT,
ENOMEM, ENOTDIR, EPERM, or EROFS.
These functions are specified by withdrawn POSIX.1e draft specifica-
libcap(3), cap_clear(3), cap_copy_ext(3), cap_from_text(3),
cap_get_proc(3), cap_init(3), capabilities(7)