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int brk(void *addr);
void *sbrk(intptr_t increment);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
Since glibc 2.12:
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE ||
(_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED) &&
!(_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600)
Before glibc 2.12:
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
brk() and sbrk() change the location of the program break, which
defines the end of the process's data segment (i.e., the program break
is the first location after the end of the uninitialized data segment).
Increasing the program break has the effect of allocating memory to the
process; decreasing the break deallocates memory.
brk() sets the end of the data segment to the value specified by addr,
when that value is reasonable, the system has enough memory, and the
process does not exceed its maximum data size (see setrlimit(2)).
sbrk() increments the program's data space by increment bytes. Calling
sbrk() with an increment of 0 can be used to find the current location
of the program break.
On success, brk() returns zero. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
set to ENOMEM. (But see Linux Notes below.)
On success, sbrk() returns the previous program break. (If the break
was increased, then this value is a pointer to the start of the newly
allocated memory). On error, (void *) -1 is returned, and errno is set
4.3BSD; SUSv1, marked LEGACY in SUSv2, removed in POSIX.1-2001.
Avoid using brk() and sbrk(): the malloc(3) memory allocation package
is the portable and comfortable way of allocating memory.
Various systems use various types for the argument of sbrk(). Common
are int, ssize_t, ptrdiff_t, intptr_t.
execve(2), getrlimit(2), end(3), malloc(3)
Linux 2010-09-20 BRK(2)